Modulation of protein kinase activity and gene expression by reactive oxygen species and their role in vascular physiology and pathophysiology

Kathy K. Griendling, Dan Sorescu, Bernard Lassègue, Masuko Ushio-Fukai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

772 Scopus citations


Emerging evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species, especially superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, are important signaling molecules in cardiovascular cells. Their production is regulated by hormone-sensitive enzymes such as the vascular NAD(P)H oxidases, and their metabolism is coordinated by antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. Both of these reactive oxygen species serve as second messengers to activate multiple intracellular proteins and enzymes, including the epidermal growth factor receptor, c-Src, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, Ras, and Akt/protein kinase B. Activation of these signaling cascades and redox-sensitive transcription factors leads to induction of many genes with important functional roles in the physiology and pathophysiology of vascular cells. Thus, reactive oxygen species participate in vascular smooth muscle cell growth and migration; modulation of endothelial function, including endothelium-dependent relaxation and expression of a proinflammatory phenotype; and modification of the extracellular matrix. All of these events play important roles in vascular diseases such as hypertension and atherosclerosis, suggesting that the sources of reactive oxygen species and the signaling pathways that they modify may represent important therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2175-2183
Number of pages9
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • Atherosclerosis
  • Endothelial cells
  • Hypertension
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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