Modulation of the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in human fibroblasts

Michael P. Diamond, Eslam El-Hammady, Adnan Munkarah, Eric J. Bieber, Ghassan Saed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by hypoxia, a crucial event leading to neovascularization, as the reduction in VEGF expression may facilitate minimization of adhesion development. Design: Prospective experimental study. Setting: University medical center. Patient(s): Five patients with adhesions undergoing laparotomy with excision of adhesions and normal peritoneum. Intervention(s): Adhesion and normal peritoneal fibroblasts were treated with dichloroacetic acid (DCA) or NS-398 (a cyclooxygenase-2 [COX-2] inhibitor) for 24 to 48 hours. Main Outcome Measure(s): A real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to quantify relative changes in mRNA levels of VEGF from each treatment. Result(s): In both normal peritoneal and adhesion fibroblasts, VEGF mRNA was present with statistically significantly higher levels in adhesion fibroblasts (32%). The DCA treatment resulted in a statistically significant decrease in VEGF mRNA levels in adhesion (20%) and normal peritoneal (18%) fibroblasts. The NS-398 treatment resulted in a statistically significant decrease in VEGF mRNA levels in adhesion (25%) and normal peritoneal (16%) fibroblasts. Conclusion(s): Stimulation of aerobic metabolism by DCA or inhibition of COX-2 by NS-398 reduces VEGF expression. Angiogenesis, which is an integral component in the development of dense vascular adhesions, may be reduced by either COX-2 inhibitors or stimulation of aerobic metabolism by DCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-409
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adhesions
  • Angiogenesis
  • COX-2
  • Dichloroacetic acid
  • Fibroblasts
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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