Morphology of the bone that supports endosteal dental implants. Transmission electron microscopic and high voltage electron microscopic observations

David E. Steflik, Gregory R. Parr, Allen L. Sisk, Phillip J. Hanes, Francis T. Lake, L. Kirk Gardner, Diana J. Berkery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


The morphologic features of the bone-dental implant interface were investigated using an in vivo dog model. The undecalcified bone and associated support tissues were serially sectioned and examined with both conventional and high voltage transmission electron microscopy. A varied morphologic appearance of the tissues supporting clinically and radiographically appearing integrated implants was observed. Osteoblasts were observed at the implant interface, and osteocytes were routinely seen encased within lacunae extremely close to the implant surface. Often these osteocytes extended cellular projections to the implant surface. The variable tissue types observed were suggestive of healthy lamellar and appositional type mineralization patterns adjacent to the implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-475
Number of pages9
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry(all)

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