Abstract Two hundred and thirty-five consecutive patients presenting to a single center with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) after breast cancer treatment were compared with matched patients with de novo AML or MDS. There was no significant difference in median overall survival (OS) times between patients with therapy-related AML and those with de novo AML (8.7 months vs.10.2 months; p = 0.17). Patients with therapy-related MDS had slightly lower median baseline platelet counts and a higher frequency of poor cytogenetics than those with de novo MDS, but the two groups had similar OS times (13.6 months vs. 18.9 months; p = 0.06). Multivariate analysis revealed that cytogenetic risk, baseline white blood cell count, age and performance status were predictive for OS time in AML and that cytogenetic risk and performance status were predictive for OS time in MDS. Having therapy-related disease is not an independent risk factor in patients with myeloid neoplasms and with a history of breast cancer. Clinical trials should be designed to serve both populations.
- Chemotherapeutic approaches
- Myeloid leukemias and dysplasias
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research