The role of myo-inositol in the regulation of taurine transport in activated murine macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7, was studied. Challenge of RAW 264.7 murine macrophages for 24 hr with phorbol ester 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) (10 ng/ml), a PKC activator, resulted in a 62% decrease in taurine transport activity. Among the various monosaccharides (1 mM) tested in the presence of PMA, myo-inositol was most effective in restoring the PMA-induced down-regulation of taurine transport in murine macrophages (82% increase compared to the value for cells treated with PMA Alone, p < 0.01). The protective role of myo-inositol against stress-induced down-regulation of taurine transport by macrophages was further investigated in conditions mimicking bacterial infection, inflammation, and immune-suppressed circumstances. A challenge of murine macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (0.1 and 10 μg/ml) resulted in a 60% decrease in taurine transport activity compared to the value for untreated control cells (p < 0.01). When cells were co-treated with myo-inositol (100 nM ∼ 10 mM) in the presence of LPS for 24 hrs, taurine transport activity increased in a dose-dependent manner compared to the value for cells treated with LPS only. Taurine transport activity in cells treated with LPS (10 μg/ml) plus interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) (150 unit/ml) for 24 hrs was 13% of the value for untreated control cells (p < 0.01). Again, this inflammation-induced down-regulation of taurine transport activity was completely antagonized with co-administration of 100 nM or higher levels of myo-inositol in the culture medium. Similarly, myo-inositol effectively restored the taurine transport activity suppressed by cyclosporin A (0.5 and 50 nM) in murine macrophages (p < 0.01). From these results, myo-inositol appears to be a common accelerator of taurine transport by murine macrophages in diverse conditions of down-regulated taurine transport.
- Cyclosporin A
- Phorbol ester 12-myristate 13-acetate
- Taurine transporter
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)