National athletic trainers' association position statement: Management of individuals with patellofemoral pain

Lori Ann Bolgla, Michelle C. Boling, Kimberly L. Mace, Michael J. DiStefano, Donald C. Fithian, Christopher M. Powers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To present recommendations for athletic trainers and other health care providers regarding the identification of risk factors for and management of individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP). Background: Patellofemoral pain is one of the most common knee diagnoses; however, this condition continues to be one of the most challenging to manage. Recent evidence has suggested that certain risk factors may contribute to the development of PFP. Early identification of risk factors may allow clinicians to develop and implement programs aimed at reducing the incidence of this condition. To date, clinicians have used various treatment strategies that have not necessarily benefitted all patients. Suboptimal outcomes may reflect the need to integrate clinical practice with scientific evidence to facilitate clinical decision making. Recommendations: The recommendations are based on the best available evidence. They are intended to give athletic trainers and other health care professionals a framework for identifying risk factors for and managing patients with PFP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-836
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018



  • Anterior knee pain
  • Hip musculature
  • Patella
  • Quadriceps strength
  • Risk factors
  • Therapeutic exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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