Native Human Antibody to Shr Promotes Mice Survival After Intraperitoneal Challenge With Invasive Group A Streptococcus

Nilanjana Chatterjee, Ya Shu Huang, Kristin V. Lyles, Julie E. Morgan, Lawrence M. Kauvar, Susanna F. Greer, Zehava Eichenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A vaccine against group A Streptococcus (GAS) has been actively pursued for decades. The surface receptor Shr is vital in GAS heme uptake and provides an effective target for active and passive immunization. Here, we isolated human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against Shr and evaluated their efficacy and mechanism. METHODS: We used a single B-lymphocyte screen to discover the mAbs TRL186 and TRL96. Interactions of the mAbs with whole cells, proteins, and peptides were investigated. Growth assays and cultured phagocytes were used to study the mAbs' impact on heme uptake and bacterial killing. Efficacy was tested in prophylactic and therapeutic vaccination using intraperitoneal mAb administration and GAS challenge. RESULTS: Both TRL186 and TRL96 interact with whole GAS cells, recognizing the NTR and NEAT1 domains of Shr, respectively. Both mAbs promoted killing by phagocytes in vitro, but prophylactic administration of only TRL186 increased mice survival. TRL186 improved survival also in a therapeutic mode. TRL186 but not TRL96 also impeded Shr binding to hemoglobin and GAS growth on hemoglobin iron. CONCLUSIONS: Interference with iron acquisition is central for TRL186 efficacy against GAS. This study supports the concept of antibody-based immunotherapy targeting the heme uptake proteins to combat streptococcal infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1367-1375
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume223
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GAS
  • heme uptake
  • monoclonal antibody
  • prophylactic and therapeutic protection
  • Shr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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