Neddylation regulates class IIa and III histone deacetylases to mediate myoblast differentiation

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Abstract

As the largest tissue in the body, skeletal muscle has multiple functions in movement and energy metabolism. Skeletal myogenesis is controlled by a transcriptional cascade including a set of muscle regulatory factors (MRFs) that includes Myogenic Differentiation 1 (MYOD1), Myocyte En-hancer Factor 2 (MEF2), and Myogenin (MYOG), which direct the fusion of myogenic myoblasts into multinucleated myotubes. Neddylation is a posttranslational modification that covalently conjugates ubiquitin-like NEDD8 (neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally downregulated 8) to protein targets. Inhibition of neddylation impairs muscle differentiation; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain less explored. Here, we report that neddylation is temporally regulated during myoblast differentiation. Inhibition of neddylation through pharmacological blockade using MLN4924 (Pevonedistat) or genetic deletion of NEDD8 Activating Enzyme E1 Subunit 1 (NAE1), a subunit of the E1 neddylation-activating enzyme, blocks terminal myoblast differentiation par-tially through repressing MYOG expression. Mechanistically, we found that neddylation deficiency enhances the mRNA and protein expressions of class IIa histone deacetylases 4 and 5 (HDAC4 and 5) and prevents the downregulation and nuclear export of class III HDAC (NAD-Dependent Protein Deacetylase Sirtuin-1, SIRT1), all of which have been shown to repress MYOD1-mediated MYOG transcriptional activation. Together, our findings for the first time identify the crucial role of neddylation in mediating class IIa and III HDAC co-repressors to control myogenic program and provide new insights into the mechanisms of muscle disease and regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9509
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Histone deacetylases
  • Myoblast differentiation
  • Neddylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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