After therapeutic hormone deprivation, prostate cancer cells often develop androgen-insensitive growth through mechanisms thus far undefined. Neuropeptides have been previously implicated as growth factors in some prostate cancers. Here, we demonstrate that androgen-sensitive LNCaP human prostate cancer cells produce and secrete neurotensin following androgen withdrawal. We show that while LNCaP cells express the neurotensin receptor, only androgen-deprived cells exhibit a growth response to exogenous neurotensin. We further demonstrate that androgen-stimulated cells may be refractory to exogenous neurotensin due to androgen induction of a metalloprotease active toward neurotensin. Thus, prostate cancer cells deprived of androgen develop an alternative autocrine growth mechanism involving neurotensin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - May 24 1994|
- growth factor
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