Neurotrophins have established roles in neuronal development, synaptogenesis, and response to stress/anxious stimuli. Moreover, these agents are neuromodulators of monoaminergic, GABAergic, and cholinergic systems. Amidst a growing appreciation of the developmental neurobiology of schizophrenia - as well as the propensity for progressive brain changes - there is emergent information on abnormalities in the expression of neurotrophins in schizophrenia. This article reviews the literature on neurotrophins and schizophrenia. A schema for understanding the neurobiology of relapse in schizophrenia is offered.
- Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry