NF1 Is a Direct G Protein Effector Essential for Opioid Signaling to Ras in the Striatum

Keqiang Xie, Lesley A. Colgan, Maria T. Dao, Brian S. Muntean, Laurie P. Sutton, Cesare Orlandi, Sanford L. Boye, Shannon E. Boye, Chien Cheng Shih, Yuqing Li, Baoji Xu, Roy G. Smith, Ryohei Yasuda, Kirill A. Martemyanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


It is well recognized that G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can activate Ras-regulated kinase pathways to produce lasting changes in neuronal function. Mechanisms by which GPCRs transduce these signals and their relevance to brain disorders are not well understood. Here, we identify a major Ras regulator, neurofibromin 1 (NF1), as a direct effector of GPCR signaling via Gβγ subunits in the striatum. We find that binding of Gβγ to NF1 inhibits its ability to inactivate Ras. Deletion of NF1 in striatal neurons prevents the opioid-receptor-induced activation of Ras and eliminates its coupling to Akt-mTOR-signaling pathway. By acting in the striatal medium spiny neurons of the direct pathway, NF1 regulates opioid-induced changes in Ras activity, thereby sensitizing mice to psychomotor and rewarding effects of morphine. These results delineate a novel mechanism of GPCR signaling to Ras pathways and establish a critical role of NF1 in opioid addiction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2992-3003
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Biology
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 21 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • G proteins
  • GPCR signaling
  • addiction
  • neurofibromatosis
  • opioids
  • striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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