Noncirrhotic portal hypertension in the adult: case report and review of the literature.

M. Almoudarres, Kenneth J Vega, B. W. Trotman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Noncirrhotic portal hypertension results from thrombosis of the extrahepatic portal vein that subsequently is recanalized. Liver function is preserved. In the adult, esophageal variceal hemorrhage is the most common presentation and may occur years after the portal vein thrombosis. We report the case of a 34-year-old man who presented with recurrent esophageal variceal hemorrhage. After ultrasonographic and angiographic evaluation, a diagnosis of idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension was made. Due to recurrent esophageal variceal bleeding, the patient required surgical intervention to control bleeding. The incidence of noncirrhotic portal hypertension is unknown. Multiple etiologies may cause the disorder, although nearly half are idiopathic. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, natural history, prognosis, and management of noncirrhotic portal hypertension are discussed. Endoscopic management of esophageal variceal bleeding is the preferred therapy. However, when endoscopic treatment fails to control variceal hemorrhage, a distal splenorenal shunt is likely to be the most successful operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-55
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Association for Academic Minority Physicians : the official publication of the Association for Academic Minority Physicians
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Portal Hypertension
Hemorrhage
Portal Vein
Thrombosis
Surgical Splenorenal Shunt
Natural History
Liver
Incidence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Noncirrhotic portal hypertension in the adult: case report and review of the literature.",
abstract = "Noncirrhotic portal hypertension results from thrombosis of the extrahepatic portal vein that subsequently is recanalized. Liver function is preserved. In the adult, esophageal variceal hemorrhage is the most common presentation and may occur years after the portal vein thrombosis. We report the case of a 34-year-old man who presented with recurrent esophageal variceal hemorrhage. After ultrasonographic and angiographic evaluation, a diagnosis of idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension was made. Due to recurrent esophageal variceal bleeding, the patient required surgical intervention to control bleeding. The incidence of noncirrhotic portal hypertension is unknown. Multiple etiologies may cause the disorder, although nearly half are idiopathic. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, natural history, prognosis, and management of noncirrhotic portal hypertension are discussed. Endoscopic management of esophageal variceal bleeding is the preferred therapy. However, when endoscopic treatment fails to control variceal hemorrhage, a distal splenorenal shunt is likely to be the most successful operation.",
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N2 - Noncirrhotic portal hypertension results from thrombosis of the extrahepatic portal vein that subsequently is recanalized. Liver function is preserved. In the adult, esophageal variceal hemorrhage is the most common presentation and may occur years after the portal vein thrombosis. We report the case of a 34-year-old man who presented with recurrent esophageal variceal hemorrhage. After ultrasonographic and angiographic evaluation, a diagnosis of idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension was made. Due to recurrent esophageal variceal bleeding, the patient required surgical intervention to control bleeding. The incidence of noncirrhotic portal hypertension is unknown. Multiple etiologies may cause the disorder, although nearly half are idiopathic. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, natural history, prognosis, and management of noncirrhotic portal hypertension are discussed. Endoscopic management of esophageal variceal bleeding is the preferred therapy. However, when endoscopic treatment fails to control variceal hemorrhage, a distal splenorenal shunt is likely to be the most successful operation.

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