Nuclear and radiological events

Richard J. Hatchett, Joseph M. Kaminski, Ronald E. Goans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Mass exposure to radiation does not occur frequently but such events, when they do occur, present tremendous challenges to affected communities. With the concerns of recent years about nuclear or radiological terrorism, it would also appear that the risk of deliberate mass exposures to radiation has increased. Nuclear power plant accidents leading to the release of radioactive materials could cause widespread environmental contamination with a variety of radionuclides. This chapter summarizes the prompt and delayed effects of fission explosions in the range of energy yields expected from an improvised nuclear device. The acute radiation syndrome (ARS) encompasses a set of complex pathophysiological processes precipitated by exposure to high doses of radiation. The major determinant of clinical outcome following an acute radiation exposure is the dose received by the affected individual. Estimating this dose (in a process termed biodosimetry) thus becomes a critical part of clinical management of such individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKoenig and schultz's Disaster Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationComprehensive Principles and Practices
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages477-510
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9780511902482
ISBN (Print)9780521873673
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nuclear and radiological events'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Hatchett, R. J., Kaminski, J. M., & Goans, R. E. (2009). Nuclear and radiological events. In Koenig and schultz's Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices (pp. 477-510). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511902482.032