Omacetaxine mepesuccinate promotes apoptosis by inhibiting the production of short-lived oncoproteins. The efficacy and safety of omacetaxine in patients with advanced chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) previously treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors were assessed in two phase II trials (CML-202 and CML-203). Fifty-one patients in accelerated phase (AP-CML) and 44 in myeloid blast phase (BP-CML) received subcutaneous omacetaxine 1.25 mg/m2 twice daily days 1-14 every 28 days until hematologic response/improvement or any cytogenetic response, then days 1-7 every 28 days until disease progression. The primary endpoint was maintenance or attainment of a major hematologic response (MHR). Cytogenetic responses were also evaluated. MHR was 37% in patients with AP-CML and 9% with BP-CML (22% and 5% in those with a history of T315I). Most grade 3/4 adverse events were related to myelosuppression, and were generally manageable. Omacetaxine demonstrates activity and an acceptable safety profile in pretreated patients with advanced CML, irrespective of mutational status.
- Drug resistance
- Myeloid leukemias and dysplasias
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research