Oncoprotein GT198 vaccination delays tumor growth in MMTV-PyMT mice

Bhagelu R. Achyut, Hao Zhang, Kartik Angara, Nahid F. Mivechi, Ali S. Arbab, Lan Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Targeting early lesion in breast cancer is more therapeutically effective. We have previously identified an oncoprotein GT198 (PSMC3IP) in human breast cancer. Here we investigated GT198 in MMTV-PyMT mouse mammary gland tumors and found that GT198 is a shared early lesion in both species. Similar to human breast cancer even before a tumor appears, cytoplasmic GT198 is overexpressed in mouse tumor stroma including pericyte stem cells, descendent adipocytes, fibroblasts, and myoepithelial cells. Using recombinant GT198 protein as an antigen, we vaccinated MMTV-PyMT mice and found that the GT198 vaccine delayed mouse tumor growth and reduced lung metastasis. The antitumor effects were linearly correlated with vaccinated mouse serum titers of GT198 antibody, which recognized cell surface GT198 protein on viable tumor cells confirmed by FACS. Furthermore, GT198+ tumor cells isolated from MMTV-PyMT tumor induced faster tumor growths than GT198- cells when re-implanted into normal FVB/N mice. Together, this first study of GT198 vaccine in mouse showed its effectiveness in antitumor and anti-metastasis. The finding supports GT198 as a potential target in human immunotherapy since GT198 defect is shared in both human and mouse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Letters
Volume476
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2020

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Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer vaccine
  • Immunotherapy
  • Pericytes
  • Tumor stroma
  • Tumor-associated antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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