Optimizing outcome with antipsychotic treatment in first-episode schizophrenia: Balancing efficacy and side effects

Oliver Freudenreich, Joseph Patrick McEvoy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The initial tailoring of antipsychotic medication for an individual experiencing a first episode of psychosis (FEP) is a critical empirical process with potentially far-reaching consequences. This article reviews the results of randomized treatment trials of clinically available first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in individuals experiencing FEP, addressing these medications' relative therapeutic potentials and their proclivities to produce a range of unwanted side effects. The authors will argue that the best clinical long-term outcomes will be achieved with: 1) a "succeed-first" strategy of identifying those treatment-responsive individuals who will have a good response to neuroleptic threshold doses of well-tolerated FGAs (thereby avoiding weight gain, insulin resis tance, and prolactin-induced changes in gender-specific physiology); and, 2) an early trial of clozapine in treatment-nonresponsive FEP patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Schizophrenia and Related Psychoses
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antipsychotic
  • First episode
  • Outcome
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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