Oral health related quality of life among pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial

Marta Liliana Musskopf, Fernanda Carpes Milanesi, José Mariano da Rocha, Tiago Fiorini, Carlos Heitor Cunha Moreira, Cristiano Susin, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Patricia Weidlich, Rui Vicente Oppermann

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare negative impacts of oral conditions in Oral Heath Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) assessed by the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) scores in pregnant women receiving or not comprehensive periodontal treatment. This randomized controlled clinical trial included pregnant women aged between 18 and 35 years old. Participants were randomized in a test group with 96 and a control group with 114 women. Patients in the test group received comprehensive periodontal treatment, supra and subgingival scaling and root-planning and periodontal maintenance appointments. The OHIP-14 was applied before and after treatment. The primary outcome was changes in OHIP-14 scores after follow-up period. The impact of having received or not comprehensive periodontal treatment on the change of the OHIP-14 scores was also investigated. Both groups showed significant reduction in OHIP-14 scores and effect size for the test group was 0.60 and 0.36 for the control group. Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that participants of the control group had 5.9-fold odds (CI 95% 1.88-18.52) of worsening in OHIP-14 scores and their perception of oral conditions in relation to test group. Comprehensive periodontal treatment during pregnancy can reduce the negative impacts in OHRQoL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere002
JournalBrazilian oral research
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Periodontal diseases
  • Pregnancy
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Musskopf, M. L., Milanesi, F. C., da Rocha, J. M., Fiorini, T., Moreira, C. H. C., Susin, C., Rösing, C. K., Weidlich, P., & Oppermann, R. V. (2018). Oral health related quality of life among pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial. Brazilian oral research, 32, [e002]. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2018.vol32.0002