Oral health status in elders from South Brazil: A population-based study

Eduardo J. Gaio, Alex N. Haas, Vinícius C. Carrard, Rui V. Oppermann, Jasim Albandar, Cristiano Susin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the oral health status of community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older from southern Brazil and to determine demographics, socioeconomic, behavioural and dental risk indicators. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study used a multistage, probability sampling method to draw a representative sample of the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Brazil. A subsample of 217 subjects was included in this analysis. Oral mucosal lesions, dental caries, tooth loss and periodontal status (full-mouth, six sites per tooth exam) were assessed by calibrated examiners. Results: Prevalence of edentulism was 39.5%, and mean tooth loss was 20.2 (SE = 0.6). Older individuals [Odds Ratio (OR) = 2.2], women (OR = 2.3), white people (OR = 5.9), individuals of lower socioeconomic status (OR = 5.6) and smokers (OR = 3.5) had higher likelihood of being edentulous. Approximately 36% of dentate individuals had caries and/or restoration affecting, in average, 5.0 teeth. Periodontitis affected 79% of subjects, and it was associated with older age (OR = 4.0), men (OR = 3.4) and large amounts of supragingival plaque (OR = 3.0). Conclusion: Poor oral health was observed in this elderly population from South Brazil. Sociodemographic disparities accounted for most of the burden of disease and treatment needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-223
Number of pages10
JournalGerodontology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Health Status
Brazil
Odds Ratio
Population
Tooth Loss
Tooth
Independent Living
Periodontitis
Dental Caries
Social Class
Mouth
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

Keywords

  • aging
  • dental status
  • epidemiology
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Gaio, E. J., Haas, A. N., Carrard, V. C., Oppermann, R. V., Albandar, J., & Susin, C. (2012). Oral health status in elders from South Brazil: A population-based study. Gerodontology, 29(3), 214-223. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00617.x

Oral health status in elders from South Brazil : A population-based study. / Gaio, Eduardo J.; Haas, Alex N.; Carrard, Vinícius C.; Oppermann, Rui V.; Albandar, Jasim; Susin, Cristiano.

In: Gerodontology, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.09.2012, p. 214-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gaio, EJ, Haas, AN, Carrard, VC, Oppermann, RV, Albandar, J & Susin, C 2012, 'Oral health status in elders from South Brazil: A population-based study', Gerodontology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 214-223. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00617.x
Gaio EJ, Haas AN, Carrard VC, Oppermann RV, Albandar J, Susin C. Oral health status in elders from South Brazil: A population-based study. Gerodontology. 2012 Sep 1;29(3):214-223. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00617.x
Gaio, Eduardo J. ; Haas, Alex N. ; Carrard, Vinícius C. ; Oppermann, Rui V. ; Albandar, Jasim ; Susin, Cristiano. / Oral health status in elders from South Brazil : A population-based study. In: Gerodontology. 2012 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 214-223.
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