Oral health status in elders from South Brazil: A population-based study

Eduardo J. Gaio, Alex N. Haas, Vinícius C. Carrard, Rui V. Oppermann, Jasim Albandar, Cristiano Susin

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the oral health status of community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older from southern Brazil and to determine demographics, socioeconomic, behavioural and dental risk indicators. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study used a multistage, probability sampling method to draw a representative sample of the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Brazil. A subsample of 217 subjects was included in this analysis. Oral mucosal lesions, dental caries, tooth loss and periodontal status (full-mouth, six sites per tooth exam) were assessed by calibrated examiners. Results: Prevalence of edentulism was 39.5%, and mean tooth loss was 20.2 (SE = 0.6). Older individuals [Odds Ratio (OR) = 2.2], women (OR = 2.3), white people (OR = 5.9), individuals of lower socioeconomic status (OR = 5.6) and smokers (OR = 3.5) had higher likelihood of being edentulous. Approximately 36% of dentate individuals had caries and/or restoration affecting, in average, 5.0 teeth. Periodontitis affected 79% of subjects, and it was associated with older age (OR = 4.0), men (OR = 3.4) and large amounts of supragingival plaque (OR = 3.0). Conclusion: Poor oral health was observed in this elderly population from South Brazil. Sociodemographic disparities accounted for most of the burden of disease and treatment needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-223
Number of pages10
JournalGerodontology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

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Keywords

  • aging
  • dental status
  • epidemiology
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Gaio, E. J., Haas, A. N., Carrard, V. C., Oppermann, R. V., Albandar, J., & Susin, C. (2012). Oral health status in elders from South Brazil: A population-based study. Gerodontology, 29(3), 214-223. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00617.x