Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement: 1994 to 2016

C. R. Herzog, D. W. Berzins, P. DenBesten, R. L. Gregory, K. M. Hargreaves, Regina L W Messer, M. Mina, M. P. Mooney, M. L. Paine, C. Phillips, R. B. Presland, R. G. Quivey, F. A. Scannapieco, J. F. Sheridan, K. K.H. Svoboda, P. C. Trackman, M. P. Walker, S. G. Walker, C. Y. Wang, J. C.C. Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school–affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016. Using the American Dental Association annual survey of advanced dental education programs not accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation and data obtained from 22 oral sciences PhD programs, we assessed student demographics, enrollment, graduation, and placement. Based on the data provided by program directors, the average new enrollment was 33, and graduation was 26 per year. A total of 605 graduated; 39 did not complete; and 168 were still in training. Among those 605 graduates, 211 were faculty in U.S. academic institutions, and 77 were faculty in foreign institutions. Given that vacant budgeted full-time faculty positions averaged 257 per year during this period, graduates from those oral sciences PhD programs who entered academia in the United States would have filled 9 (3.6%) vacant faculty positions per year. Therefore, PhD programs have consistently generated only a small pipeline of dental school faculty. Better mentoring to retain talent in academia is necessary. Stronger support and creative funding plans are essential to sustain the PhD program. Furthermore, the oral sciences PhD program database should be established and maintained by dental professional organizations to allow assessments of training models, trends of enrollment, graduation, and placement outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-491
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Dental Faculties
Dental Schools
Tooth
American Dental Association
Databases
Dental Education
Aptitude
Accreditation
Private Practice
Demography
Students
Education

Keywords

  • academic
  • demographics
  • dental schools
  • education
  • outcomes
  • survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Herzog, C. R., Berzins, D. W., DenBesten, P., Gregory, R. L., Hargreaves, K. M., Messer, R. L. W., ... Hu, J. C. C. (2018). Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement: 1994 to 2016. Journal of Dental Research, 97(5), 483-491. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034517749506

Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement : 1994 to 2016. / Herzog, C. R.; Berzins, D. W.; DenBesten, P.; Gregory, R. L.; Hargreaves, K. M.; Messer, Regina L W; Mina, M.; Mooney, M. P.; Paine, M. L.; Phillips, C.; Presland, R. B.; Quivey, R. G.; Scannapieco, F. A.; Sheridan, J. F.; Svoboda, K. K.H.; Trackman, P. C.; Walker, M. P.; Walker, S. G.; Wang, C. Y.; Hu, J. C.C.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 97, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 483-491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herzog, CR, Berzins, DW, DenBesten, P, Gregory, RL, Hargreaves, KM, Messer, RLW, Mina, M, Mooney, MP, Paine, ML, Phillips, C, Presland, RB, Quivey, RG, Scannapieco, FA, Sheridan, JF, Svoboda, KKH, Trackman, PC, Walker, MP, Walker, SG, Wang, CY & Hu, JCC 2018, 'Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement: 1994 to 2016', Journal of Dental Research, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 483-491. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034517749506
Herzog, C. R. ; Berzins, D. W. ; DenBesten, P. ; Gregory, R. L. ; Hargreaves, K. M. ; Messer, Regina L W ; Mina, M. ; Mooney, M. P. ; Paine, M. L. ; Phillips, C. ; Presland, R. B. ; Quivey, R. G. ; Scannapieco, F. A. ; Sheridan, J. F. ; Svoboda, K. K.H. ; Trackman, P. C. ; Walker, M. P. ; Walker, S. G. ; Wang, C. Y. ; Hu, J. C.C. / Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement : 1994 to 2016. In: Journal of Dental Research. 2018 ; Vol. 97, No. 5. pp. 483-491.
@article{f9c9902c23374c8cbf65c2a0bc93ea1b,
title = "Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement: 1994 to 2016",
abstract = "For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school–affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016. Using the American Dental Association annual survey of advanced dental education programs not accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation and data obtained from 22 oral sciences PhD programs, we assessed student demographics, enrollment, graduation, and placement. Based on the data provided by program directors, the average new enrollment was 33, and graduation was 26 per year. A total of 605 graduated; 39 did not complete; and 168 were still in training. Among those 605 graduates, 211 were faculty in U.S. academic institutions, and 77 were faculty in foreign institutions. Given that vacant budgeted full-time faculty positions averaged 257 per year during this period, graduates from those oral sciences PhD programs who entered academia in the United States would have filled 9 (3.6{\%}) vacant faculty positions per year. Therefore, PhD programs have consistently generated only a small pipeline of dental school faculty. Better mentoring to retain talent in academia is necessary. Stronger support and creative funding plans are essential to sustain the PhD program. Furthermore, the oral sciences PhD program database should be established and maintained by dental professional organizations to allow assessments of training models, trends of enrollment, graduation, and placement outcomes.",
keywords = "academic, demographics, dental schools, education, outcomes, survey",
author = "Herzog, {C. R.} and Berzins, {D. W.} and P. DenBesten and Gregory, {R. L.} and Hargreaves, {K. M.} and Messer, {Regina L W} and M. Mina and Mooney, {M. P.} and Paine, {M. L.} and C. Phillips and Presland, {R. B.} and Quivey, {R. G.} and Scannapieco, {F. A.} and Sheridan, {J. F.} and Svoboda, {K. K.H.} and Trackman, {P. C.} and Walker, {M. P.} and Walker, {S. G.} and Wang, {C. Y.} and Hu, {J. C.C.}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0022034517749506",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "97",
pages = "483--491",
journal = "Journal of Dental Research",
issn = "0022-0345",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oral Sciences PhD Program Enrollment, Graduates, and Placement

T2 - 1994 to 2016

AU - Herzog, C. R.

AU - Berzins, D. W.

AU - DenBesten, P.

AU - Gregory, R. L.

AU - Hargreaves, K. M.

AU - Messer, Regina L W

AU - Mina, M.

AU - Mooney, M. P.

AU - Paine, M. L.

AU - Phillips, C.

AU - Presland, R. B.

AU - Quivey, R. G.

AU - Scannapieco, F. A.

AU - Sheridan, J. F.

AU - Svoboda, K. K.H.

AU - Trackman, P. C.

AU - Walker, M. P.

AU - Walker, S. G.

AU - Wang, C. Y.

AU - Hu, J. C.C.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school–affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016. Using the American Dental Association annual survey of advanced dental education programs not accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation and data obtained from 22 oral sciences PhD programs, we assessed student demographics, enrollment, graduation, and placement. Based on the data provided by program directors, the average new enrollment was 33, and graduation was 26 per year. A total of 605 graduated; 39 did not complete; and 168 were still in training. Among those 605 graduates, 211 were faculty in U.S. academic institutions, and 77 were faculty in foreign institutions. Given that vacant budgeted full-time faculty positions averaged 257 per year during this period, graduates from those oral sciences PhD programs who entered academia in the United States would have filled 9 (3.6%) vacant faculty positions per year. Therefore, PhD programs have consistently generated only a small pipeline of dental school faculty. Better mentoring to retain talent in academia is necessary. Stronger support and creative funding plans are essential to sustain the PhD program. Furthermore, the oral sciences PhD program database should be established and maintained by dental professional organizations to allow assessments of training models, trends of enrollment, graduation, and placement outcomes.

AB - For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school–affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016. Using the American Dental Association annual survey of advanced dental education programs not accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation and data obtained from 22 oral sciences PhD programs, we assessed student demographics, enrollment, graduation, and placement. Based on the data provided by program directors, the average new enrollment was 33, and graduation was 26 per year. A total of 605 graduated; 39 did not complete; and 168 were still in training. Among those 605 graduates, 211 were faculty in U.S. academic institutions, and 77 were faculty in foreign institutions. Given that vacant budgeted full-time faculty positions averaged 257 per year during this period, graduates from those oral sciences PhD programs who entered academia in the United States would have filled 9 (3.6%) vacant faculty positions per year. Therefore, PhD programs have consistently generated only a small pipeline of dental school faculty. Better mentoring to retain talent in academia is necessary. Stronger support and creative funding plans are essential to sustain the PhD program. Furthermore, the oral sciences PhD program database should be established and maintained by dental professional organizations to allow assessments of training models, trends of enrollment, graduation, and placement outcomes.

KW - academic

KW - demographics

KW - dental schools

KW - education

KW - outcomes

KW - survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045042886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045042886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0022034517749506

DO - 10.1177/0022034517749506

M3 - Article

C2 - 29328868

AN - SCOPUS:85045042886

VL - 97

SP - 483

EP - 491

JO - Journal of Dental Research

JF - Journal of Dental Research

SN - 0022-0345

IS - 5

ER -