Organizational compatibility and workplace drug testing: Modeling the adoption of innovative social control practices

Hannah K. Knudsen, Paul M. Roman, J. Aaron Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations


Few researchers have examined organizational variation in the adoption of workplace drug testing, but innovation theory suggests that adoption is more likely when it is compatible with an organization's values, previously introduced ideas, and needs. Using data from the 1997 National Employee Survey, this research models the effects of organizational compatibility, industry, and establishment size on the adoption of drug testing. The data reveal that compatibility, as measured by an organization's rules orientation, presence of an employee assistance program, and mechanization, is associated with the adoption of drug testing. As predicted, the adoption of drug testing varies across industries and by establishment size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-640
Number of pages20
JournalSociological Forum
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Drug testing
  • Innovation
  • Organizational compatibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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