The prevalence of osteoporosis in all US postmenopausal women is 17%, and it is as high as 30% in women older than 65. All postmenopausal women should be encouraged to have adequate daily calcium and vitamin D intake, to exercise regularly, and to avoid tobacco and excessive alcohol use. Although the clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of osteoporosis screening tools remain to be established, a rational approach based on current evidence involves using National Osteoporosis Foundation guidelines, Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk Estimation, or Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Instrument clinical decision rules to decide when a postmenopausal woman should undergo further evaluation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)