Outcomes of Chronic Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia after Treatment with Multiple Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Jee Hyun Kong, Elliott F Winton, Leonard T Heffner, Manila Gaddh, Brittany Hill, Jessica Neely, Angela Hatcher, Meena Joseph, Martha Arellano, Fuad El-Rassi, Audrey Kim, Jean Hanna Khoury, Vamsi K Kota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We sought to evaluate the outcomes of chronic phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in an era where five tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are commercially available for the treatment of CML. Records of patients diagnosed with CP CML, treated with TKIs and referred to our center were reviewed. Between January 2005 and April 2016, 206 patients were followed for a median of 48.8 (1.4-190.1) months. A total of 76 (37%) patients received one TKI, 73 (35%) received two TKIs and 57 (28%) were exposed to >3 TKIs (3 TKIs, n = 33; 4 TKIs, n = 17; 5 TKIs, n = 7). Nineteen (9.2%) patients progressed to advanced phases of CML (accelerated phase, n = 6; myeloid blastic phase, n = 4; lymphoid blastic phase, n = 9). One third (n = 69) achieved complete molecular response (CMR) at first-line treatment. An additional 55 patients achieved CMR after second-line treatment. Twenty-five patients (12.1%) attempted TKI discontinuation and 14 (6.8%) stopped TKIs for a median of 6.3 months (range 1-53.4). The 10-year progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) rates were 81% and 87%, respectively. OS after 10-years, based on TKI exposure, was 100% (1 TKI), 82% (2 TKIs), 87% (3 TKIs), 75% (4 TKIs) and 55% (5 TKIs). The best OS was observed in patients tolerating and responding to first line TKI, but multiple TKIs led patients to gain treatment-free remission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2020
Externally publishedYes

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