BACKGROUND: Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by low platelet counts and mucocutaneous bleeding. The outcomes of hospitalized patients with ITP and myocardial infarction (MI) have not been extensively studied and may help identify risk factors associated with adverse outcomes in this unique patient population.
METHODS: Patients with ITP who were admitted with MI using the National Inpatient Database for the years 2000 to 2014. Patient demographics, hospital characteristics and medical comorbidities were studied. Chi square test was used to determine associations with statistical significance and logistic regression was used to determine independent predictors of mortality.
RESULTS: A total of 753732 hospitalized patients with ITP were identified over the time period of 2000 to 2014, of which 37695 patients had both ITP and acute MI. There were more females with ITP in general (60% females vs. 40 males), but more males with ITP and acute MI (55.8% males vs. 44.2% females; P=0.0000). Caucasians were affected the most (5.5%) amongst all races and the age group of 65-79 years had the highest percentage of patients with ITP and MI (7.3%). The classical risk factors of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes were also noted to be highly prevalent in patients with ITP and MI. 10.05% of patients with ITP and acute MI died during hospitalization, while 4% of all patients with ITP died during hospitalization (P<0.05). Multiple regression showed that stent placement, female gender, blood transfusions, platelet transfusion, 80+ age group and higher Charlson's score were independent predictors of mortality in patients with ITP which have MI.
CONCLUSIONS: MI is associated with an increased rate of in-hospital death in patients with ITP. Both blood transfusions and platelet transfusions adversely affect outcomes in the management of AMI in ITP patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Blood Research|
|State||Published - 2020|