Overweight and obesity as risk indicators for periodontitis in adults

Caroline Formolo Dalla Vecchia, Cristiano Susin, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Rui Vicente Oppermann, Jasim M. Albandar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Developed and developing countries are facing an obesity epidemic with various health consequences. Few studies have addressed the relationship between obesity and periodontal health. The present study assessed the association of overweight and obesity with periodontitis in Brazilian adults. Methods: A representative probability sample comprising 706 subjects aged 30 to 65 years from south Brazil was examined clinically and using a structured interview. Overweight and obesity were assessed by body mass index (BMI) using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Individuals with ≥30% teeth with attachment loss ≥5 mm were classified as having periodontitis. Statistical analysis accounted for survey design, and separate analyses were performed for non-smokers. Results: In this population, 60% and 65% of males and females, respectively, were overweight or obese. Periodontitis was observed in 50.7% and 35.3% of males and females, respectively. The percentage of males with periodontitis was similar in the overweight/obese individuals compared to those with normal weight. In females, there was a positive correlation between the BMI index and the occurrence of periodontitis, with a significantly (P <0.05) higher prevalence of periodontitis in obese than in normal weight females. The multivariable analysis showed that obese females were significantly more likely (odds ratio = 2.1) to have periodontitis than normal weight females. A separate analysis for non-smokers showed that obese females were approximately 3.4 times more likely to have periodontitis than the normal BMI group. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of periodontitis between BMI groups among smokers of both genders and in male non-smokers. Conclusions: Obesity was significantly associated with periodontitis in adult, non-smoker women. Overweight was not significantly associated with periodontitis. Smoking may attenuate the association of periodontitis with obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1728
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume76
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Fingerprint

Chronic Periodontitis
Periodontitis
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Weights and Measures
Sampling Studies
Health
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Brazil
Tooth
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Interviews

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Periodontal attachment loss
  • Periodontal disease/epidemiology
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Vecchia, C. F. D., Susin, C., Rösing, C. K., Oppermann, R. V., & Albandar, J. M. (2005). Overweight and obesity as risk indicators for periodontitis in adults. Journal of Periodontology, 76(10), 1721-1728. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.10.1721

Overweight and obesity as risk indicators for periodontitis in adults. / Vecchia, Caroline Formolo Dalla; Susin, Cristiano; Rösing, Cassiano Kuchenbecker; Oppermann, Rui Vicente; Albandar, Jasim M.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 76, No. 10, 01.10.2005, p. 1721-1728.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vecchia, CFD, Susin, C, Rösing, CK, Oppermann, RV & Albandar, JM 2005, 'Overweight and obesity as risk indicators for periodontitis in adults', Journal of Periodontology, vol. 76, no. 10, pp. 1721-1728. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.10.1721
Vecchia CFD, Susin C, Rösing CK, Oppermann RV, Albandar JM. Overweight and obesity as risk indicators for periodontitis in adults. Journal of Periodontology. 2005 Oct 1;76(10):1721-1728. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.10.1721
Vecchia, Caroline Formolo Dalla ; Susin, Cristiano ; Rösing, Cassiano Kuchenbecker ; Oppermann, Rui Vicente ; Albandar, Jasim M. / Overweight and obesity as risk indicators for periodontitis in adults. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2005 ; Vol. 76, No. 10. pp. 1721-1728.
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