Oxidative renal injury and lipoprotein oxidation in hypercholesterolemic atherogenesis

Role of eicosapentaenoate-lipoate (EPA-LA) derivative

Sekar Ashok Kumar, Sudhahar Varadarajan, Palaninathan Varalakshmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia, an independent risk factor for increased oxidative renal injury, is associated with the formation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein. Production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species have been implicated in diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, principally as means of oxidising low-density lipoproteins. This inturn initiates the accumulation of cholesterol in macrophages, which sets key event in the initiation of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), DL α-lipoic acid (LA) and eicosapentaenoate-lipoate derivative (EPA-LA) in controlling the atherogenic disturbances. Four groups of male Wistar rats were fed with a high cholesterol diet (rat chow supplemented with 4% cholesterol and 1% cholic acid; HCD) for 30 days. Among them, 3 groups of rats were treated with either EPA (35 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage), LA (20 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) or EPA-LA derivative (50 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) from 16th day to 30th day of the experimental period. Abnormal increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species, 3-nitrotyrosine, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl as well as an elevation in the activities of xanthine oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase was observed in renal tissue of HCD fed rats. HCD fed rats also showed an increased susceptibility of the apo B-containing lipoproteins to in vitro oxidation. These changes were restored partially in the EPA and LA administered groups. However, the combined derivative EPA-LA almost ameliorated the hypercholesterolemic-oxidative changes in the HCD fed rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Lipoproteins
Rats
Atherosclerosis
Thioctic Acid
Eicosapentaenoic Acid
Derivatives
Kidney
Oxidation
Wounds and Injuries
Cholesterol
Body Weight
Hypercholesterolemia
Nutrition
Reactive Oxygen Species
Diet
Cholic Acid
Xanthine Oxidase
Apolipoproteins B
Acid Phosphatase
Malondialdehyde

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Oxidative renal injury and lipoprotein oxidation in hypercholesterolemic atherogenesis: Role of eicosapentaenoate-lipoate (EPA-LA) derivative",
abstract = "Hypercholesterolemia, an independent risk factor for increased oxidative renal injury, is associated with the formation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein. Production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species have been implicated in diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, principally as means of oxidising low-density lipoproteins. This inturn initiates the accumulation of cholesterol in macrophages, which sets key event in the initiation of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), DL α-lipoic acid (LA) and eicosapentaenoate-lipoate derivative (EPA-LA) in controlling the atherogenic disturbances. Four groups of male Wistar rats were fed with a high cholesterol diet (rat chow supplemented with 4{\%} cholesterol and 1{\%} cholic acid; HCD) for 30 days. Among them, 3 groups of rats were treated with either EPA (35 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage), LA (20 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) or EPA-LA derivative (50 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) from 16th day to 30th day of the experimental period. Abnormal increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species, 3-nitrotyrosine, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl as well as an elevation in the activities of xanthine oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase was observed in renal tissue of HCD fed rats. HCD fed rats also showed an increased susceptibility of the apo B-containing lipoproteins to in vitro oxidation. These changes were restored partially in the EPA and LA administered groups. However, the combined derivative EPA-LA almost ameliorated the hypercholesterolemic-oxidative changes in the HCD fed rats.",
author = "Kumar, {Sekar Ashok} and Sudhahar Varadarajan and Palaninathan Varalakshmi",
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T2 - Role of eicosapentaenoate-lipoate (EPA-LA) derivative

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AU - Varalakshmi, Palaninathan

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N2 - Hypercholesterolemia, an independent risk factor for increased oxidative renal injury, is associated with the formation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein. Production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species have been implicated in diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, principally as means of oxidising low-density lipoproteins. This inturn initiates the accumulation of cholesterol in macrophages, which sets key event in the initiation of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), DL α-lipoic acid (LA) and eicosapentaenoate-lipoate derivative (EPA-LA) in controlling the atherogenic disturbances. Four groups of male Wistar rats were fed with a high cholesterol diet (rat chow supplemented with 4% cholesterol and 1% cholic acid; HCD) for 30 days. Among them, 3 groups of rats were treated with either EPA (35 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage), LA (20 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) or EPA-LA derivative (50 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) from 16th day to 30th day of the experimental period. Abnormal increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species, 3-nitrotyrosine, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl as well as an elevation in the activities of xanthine oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase was observed in renal tissue of HCD fed rats. HCD fed rats also showed an increased susceptibility of the apo B-containing lipoproteins to in vitro oxidation. These changes were restored partially in the EPA and LA administered groups. However, the combined derivative EPA-LA almost ameliorated the hypercholesterolemic-oxidative changes in the HCD fed rats.

AB - Hypercholesterolemia, an independent risk factor for increased oxidative renal injury, is associated with the formation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein. Production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species have been implicated in diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, principally as means of oxidising low-density lipoproteins. This inturn initiates the accumulation of cholesterol in macrophages, which sets key event in the initiation of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), DL α-lipoic acid (LA) and eicosapentaenoate-lipoate derivative (EPA-LA) in controlling the atherogenic disturbances. Four groups of male Wistar rats were fed with a high cholesterol diet (rat chow supplemented with 4% cholesterol and 1% cholic acid; HCD) for 30 days. Among them, 3 groups of rats were treated with either EPA (35 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage), LA (20 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) or EPA-LA derivative (50 mg/kg body weight/day, oral gavage) from 16th day to 30th day of the experimental period. Abnormal increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species, 3-nitrotyrosine, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl as well as an elevation in the activities of xanthine oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase was observed in renal tissue of HCD fed rats. HCD fed rats also showed an increased susceptibility of the apo B-containing lipoproteins to in vitro oxidation. These changes were restored partially in the EPA and LA administered groups. However, the combined derivative EPA-LA almost ameliorated the hypercholesterolemic-oxidative changes in the HCD fed rats.

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