Oxide morphology and adherence on dental alloys designed for porcelain bonding

J. R. Mackert, E. E. Parry, C. W. Fairhurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


The morphology and chemical makeup of oxides formed during degassing heat treatments on the surfaces of Ni-Cr and Co-Cr dental alloys designed for porcelain bonding were examined. A technique was developed for stripping intact oxides from these alloys for SEM examination of the oxide surface originally in contact with the metal. Information on the chemical composition of the films was obtained by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The poorly adherent oxides were found to be wrinkled, but the metal surfaces beneath these films were wrinkled correspondingly. The loss of oxide-metal contact appeared to be limited to the areas of localized void formation, predominantly in the Cr-rich phases. The undersurfaces of the strongly adherent oxides were found to be covered with minute protrusions of oxide. Large pegs of oxide were found to have extended into the NiBe intermetallic phase of these alloys. Beryllium appears to be the oxygen-active element responsible for peg formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-333
Number of pages15
JournalOxidation of Metals
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1986



  • beryllium
  • chromium oxide
  • dental alloys
  • oxide adhesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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