Parent-child interactions in france, germany, and italy: The Effects of Gender and Culture

Deborah L. Best, Amy S House, Anne E. Barnard, Brenda S. Spicker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that mothers and fathers interact differently with their children and these interactions have important consequences for children's social development. The present study examines gender differences in parent-child interactions and the similarity of these patterns in France, Germany, and Italy. Samples in these countries were used because within Western societies they represent differing cultural expectations concerning the behavior of men and women. Parent-child dyads interacting on playgrounds were observed for affection, play, vocalization, showing and sharing, aggression, discipline, caregiving, soothing, and controlling behaviors. Gender and country differences were found. French and Italian fathers engaged in more play than mothers, but the opposite was found in Germany. French children showed and shared more than did the other children. Overall, French and Italian parents and children were more interactive than were German dyads. Although gender generally influences parent and child behaviors, culture modifies the way that these differences are displayed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Fingerprint

Italy
France
Germany
parents
gender
interaction
Fathers
dyad
Mothers
father
Child Behavior
Child Development
Aggression
playground
caregiving
sympathy
Parents
social development
aggression
gender-specific factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Parent-child interactions in france, germany, and italy : The Effects of Gender and Culture. / Best, Deborah L.; House, Amy S; Barnard, Anne E.; Spicker, Brenda S.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.01.1994, p. 181-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Best, Deborah L. ; House, Amy S ; Barnard, Anne E. ; Spicker, Brenda S. / Parent-child interactions in france, germany, and italy : The Effects of Gender and Culture. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 1994 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 181-193.
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