Patient-reported and clinical outcomes of implant-supported fixed complete dental prostheses: A comparison of metal-acrylic, milled zirconia, and retrievable crown prostheses

Virginia Hogsett Box, Cortino Sukotjo, Kent L. Knoernschild, Stephen D. Campbell, Fatemeh S. Afshari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence of biologic and technical complications for implant-supported fixed complete dental prostheses (IFCDPs) and their relationship to oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) and patient-reported outcomes. Metal-acrylic (MA), retrievable crown (RC), monolithic zirconia (MZ), and porcelain veneered zirconia (PVZ) prostheses were included. Patients who received an IFCDP at least 1 year prior to recall were identified. Exclusion criteria were: (1) an opposing complete denture and (2) time in service .70 months. A total of 37 patients with 49 prostheses, including 22 MA, 14 RC, 7 MZ, and 6 PVZ prostheses were recalled. Patient-reported outcomes were assessed via OHIP-49 (Oral Health Impact Profile) and a scripted interview with open-ended questions. All designs had high complication rates (12 of 22 MA, 10 of 14 RC, 2 of 7 MZ, and 5 of 6 PVZ). The most common complications were: (1) MA: posterior tooth wear, (2) RC: chipping and fracturing of the restorations, (3) MZ: wear of opposing restorations, and (4) PVZ: chipping of opposing restorations. Average OHIP-49 scores ranged from 7 to 29, indicating high OHQoL, patient satisfaction, regardless of prosthetic design (P ¼ .16). The standardized interview highlighted that although most patients were extremely satisfied (73%), some continued to be bothered by material bulk (14%) and felt that maintenance of oral hygiene was excessively time-consuming (16%). In the context of this study, despite high complication rates and maintenance needs, all IFCDP designs resulted in high OHQoL and patient satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Oral Implantology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Chipping
  • Fractures
  • Hybrid
  • OHIP
  • Oral health-related quality of life
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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