Patient-Specific, Risk-Based Prevention, Maintenance, and Supportive Care: A Need for Action and Innovation in Education

Fatemeh S. Afshari, Stephen D. Campbell, Donald A. Curtis, Lily T. Garcia, Kent L. Knoernschild, Judy Chia Chun Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To develop a competency-based curriculum framework for prevention, supportive care, and maintenance for use in educational and patient care programs and to seek consensus on an overarching competency statement that embraces these critical learning and patient care concepts. Materials and Methods: A preliminary survey of current preventive and maintenance practices in U.S. dental and prosthodontic programs was completed and summarized with quantitative analysis. The American College of Prosthodontists organized a one-day consensus workshop with 14 participants from various U.S. dental schools with diverse backgrounds to develop a curriculum framework. The curriculum framework was used in the development of a joint competency statement using an iterative, online consensus process of debate and feedback. Results: The preliminary survey helped frame the initiative and identify potential educational needs and gaps. Consensus was achieved for a recommended competency statement: “Graduates must be competent in promoting oral health through risk assessment, diagnosis, prevention, and management of the hard tissue, soft tissue, and prostheses, and as part of professional recall and home maintenance.” This competency statement complements the proposed curriculum framework designed around 3 domains—caries prevention, periodontal supportive care, and prosthesis supportive care—with a set of recommended learning objectives. Conclusions: Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) learning standards do not outline patient-customized, evidence-based recall and home maintenance programs that highlight prevention of dental caries, periodontal supportive care, prosthesis maintenance, and patient education. The proposed competency-based curricular framework serves as an initial step in addressing student learning and patient care within the context of a recall system and home maintenance program while offering schools the needed flexibility for implementation within their curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-783
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Maintenance
  • prevention
  • recall systems
  • supportive care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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