The treatment of urolithiasis in children has changed dramatically in recent years. With the proven safety and efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous lithotripsy and ureteroscopy in adults, these modalities are now in the forefront of the treatment of pediatric urinary stones. Our research in the juvenile non-human primate with ESWL indicates that renal damage in most cases is neither significant or persistent. In addition, technological advances in instrumentation have cleared the way for the use of percutaneous lithotripsy and ureteroscopy in most pediatric patients. Today, open surgical procedures for stone disease in children should be a last resort.
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
- Pediatric urolithiasis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health