PELP1 promotes glioblastoma progression by enhancing Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Gangadhara R. Sareddy, Uday P. Pratap, Suryavathi Viswanadhapalli, Prabhakar Pitta Venkata, Binoj C. Nair, Samaya Rajeshwari Krishnan, Siyuan Zheng, Andrea R. Gilbert, Andrew J. Brenner, Darrell W. Brann, Ratna K. Vadlamudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a deadly neoplasm of the central nervous system. The molecular mechanisms and players that contribute to GBM development is incompletely understood. Methods: The expression of PELP1 in different grades of glioma and normal brain tissues was analyzed using immunohistochemistry on a tumor tissue array. PELP1 expression in established and primary GBM cell lines was analyzed by Western blotting. The effect of PELP1 knockdown was studied using cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion assays. Mechanistic studies were conducted using RNA-seq, RT-qPCR, immunoprecipitation, reporter gene assays, and signaling analysis. Mouse orthotopic models were used for preclinical evaluation of PELP1 knock down. Results: Nuclear receptor coregulator PELP1 is highly expressed in gliomas compared to normal brain tissues, with the highest expression in GBM. PELP1 expression was elevated in established and patient-derived GBM cell lines compared to normal astrocytes. Knockdown of PELP1 resulted in a significant decrease in cell viability, survival, migration, and invasion. Global RNA-sequencing studies demonstrated that PELP1 knockdown significantly reduced the expression of genes involved in the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that PELP1 interacts with and functions as a coactivator of β-catenin. Knockdown of PELP1 resulted in a significant increase in survival of mice implanted with U87 and GBM PDX models. Conclusions: PELP1 expression is upregulated in GBM and PELP1 signaling via β-catenin axis contributes to GBM progression. Thus, PELP1 could be a potential target for the development of therapeutic intervention in GBM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbervdz042
JournalNeuro-Oncology Advances
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • PELP1
  • coregulator
  • glioblastoma
  • glioma
  • β-catenin signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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