Perceptions of student-observers in the operating room

Mary A. Palilonis, Terri Regina Martin, David Jacobs, Keith S. Gersin, David A. Iannitti, Iain H. McKillop, B. Todd Heniford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Student observation of surgical procedures is standard practice performed at the discretion of the attending surgeon and the participating medical facility. The goal of our study was to evaluate patient, physician, and operating room (OR) staff opinions concerning student observation of surgical procedures at different levels of academic training. Materials and Methods: Following Institutional Review Board approval, patients undergoing elective surgery were consented to participate in the survey. An anonymous online survey was sent to attending surgeons and OR staff. Results: The majority of patients (97), physicians (91), and OR staff (71) believe that OR observational experience is important to medical student training. Patients (92%) and OR staff (97%) more so than physicians (72%) rated OR observational experience as important for nursing student education (P < 0.001). Comparatively, all groups believe this experience is less important for college and high school students (P < 0.01). When asked if patients should be informed preoperatively of student-observer presence during procedures, more patients and OR staff replied affirmatively compared with physicians (P < 0.001). Similarly, patients and OR staff more frequently believed that informed consent for OR student-observers was necessary (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: All groups acknowledged the educational value of student observational experience, although significant disparity was noted relative to academic level and the group responding. Additionally, opinions of the OR staff were more closely aligned with those of patients. Further assessment of the role of informed consent for student-observer OR presence and potential implications is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume170
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

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Operating Rooms
Students
Patients' Rooms
Physicians
Informed Consent
Observation
Nursing Students
Nursing Education
Research Ethics Committees
Medical Students
Teaching

Keywords

  • informed consent
  • student observation
  • surgical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Palilonis, M. A., Martin, T. R., Jacobs, D., Gersin, K. S., Iannitti, D. A., McKillop, I. H., & Heniford, B. T. (2011). Perceptions of student-observers in the operating room. Journal of Surgical Research, 170(2), 195-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2011.03.046

Perceptions of student-observers in the operating room. / Palilonis, Mary A.; Martin, Terri Regina; Jacobs, David; Gersin, Keith S.; Iannitti, David A.; McKillop, Iain H.; Heniford, B. Todd.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 170, No. 2, 01.10.2011, p. 195-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Palilonis, MA, Martin, TR, Jacobs, D, Gersin, KS, Iannitti, DA, McKillop, IH & Heniford, BT 2011, 'Perceptions of student-observers in the operating room', Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 195-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2011.03.046
Palilonis MA, Martin TR, Jacobs D, Gersin KS, Iannitti DA, McKillop IH et al. Perceptions of student-observers in the operating room. Journal of Surgical Research. 2011 Oct 1;170(2):195-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2011.03.046
Palilonis, Mary A. ; Martin, Terri Regina ; Jacobs, David ; Gersin, Keith S. ; Iannitti, David A. ; McKillop, Iain H. ; Heniford, B. Todd. / Perceptions of student-observers in the operating room. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 2011 ; Vol. 170, No. 2. pp. 195-201.
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