Periodontal healing following reconstructive surgery: Effect of guided tissue regeneration using a bioresorbable barrier device when combined with autogenous bone grafting. A randomized controlled clinical trial

Per Nygaard-Østby, Vibeke Bakke, Oddny Nesdal, Helene Klerck Nilssen, Cristiano Susin, Ulf M E Wikesjö

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this randomized-controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the adjunctive effect of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) using a bioresorbable polylactic acid (PLA) barrier device when combined with autogenous bone grafting in the treatment of deep intra-bony periodontal defects. Material and Methods: Forty systemically healthy patients (20 females; mean age 53 years; non-smokers) participated in the study. Using a parallel-group study design, one intra-bony defect in each of 20 subjects received GTR using the bioresorbable PLA barrier device (Atrisorb®), combined with autogenous bone grafting. One intra-bony defect in each of the remaining 20 subjects received bone grafting solo (control). Treatments were evaluated at 9 months post-surgery. Results: One patient (GTR) was withdrawn from the study due to circumstances unrelated to the study. Eighty-nine per cent of the PLA barriers became exposed within 3 weeks following surgery. Pre-surgery probing depths for GTR and control intra-bony defects averaged (±SE) 7.1±0.3 mm. Significant probing depth reduction (2.7±0.3 versus 2.4±0.4 mm), attachment-level gain (1.7±0.3 versus 1.7±0.5 mm), and bone fill (1.2±0.4 versus 1.2±0.5 mm) were observed for the GTR and control sites, respectively (p≤0.02). However, there were no statistically significant differences between treatment protocols. Conclusions: The results suggest that GTR using the bioresorbable PLA barrier device does not provide additional value to reconstructive surgery including autogenous bone grafting in intra-bony periodontal defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Barrier membrane
  • Bone graft
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Periodontal regeneration
  • Polylactic acid
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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