Periodontal repair in dogs: Evaluation of a bioresorbable calcium phosphate cement (Ceredex™) as a carrier for rhBMP-2

Rachel G. Sorensen, Ulf M E Wikesjö, Atsuhiro Kinoshita, John M. Wozney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) has been shown to induce clinically relevant bone formation for orthopedic, craniofacial, and oral indications. It appears critical, in particular for onlay indications, that the associated carrier technology exhibits structural integrity to offset compressive forces in support of rhBMP-2-induced bone formation. The objective of this study was to evaluate a calcium phosphate (CP) cement, Ceredex™, as a candidate carrier for rhBMP-2 in a defect model with limited osteogenic potential. Materials: Bilateral, critical size, 6-mm, supra-alveolar, periodontal defects were created in six, adult, male, Hound Labrador mongrels. Three animals received rhBMP-2/Ceredex™ (rhBMP-2 at 0.20 and 0.40 mg/ml) in contralateral defect sites (implant volume/defect ∼ 1 ml). One defect site in each of the three remaining animals received Ceredex™ without rhBMP-2 (control). The animals were euthanized at 1.2 weeks postsurgery for histologic and histometric analysis. Results: Mean induced bone height exceeded 80% of the defect height for supra-alveolar periodontal defects receiving rhBMP-2/Ceredex™ without major differences between rhBMP-2 concentrations compared with approximately 40% for the control. The newly formed bone, a mixture of lamellar and woven bone in fibrovascular tissue, circumscribed relatively large portions of the residual Ceredex™ biomaterial. Inflammatory lesions were associated with limited bone formation in some sites. From a periodontal perspective, sites receiving rhBMP-2/Ceredex™ exhibited increased cementum formation compared with control, but without a functionally oriented periodontal ligament, and increased ankylosis and root resorption. Control sites exhibited early wound failure and exposure, loss of the Ceredex™ biomaterial, and limited bone formation. Conclusions: The Ceredex™ CP cement appears a potentially promising carrier technology for rhBMP-2 onlay indications. However, a slow resorption rate may prevent its wider use. This study does not support use of the rhBMP-2/Ceredex™ combination for periodontal indications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)796-804
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Keywords

  • Bone induction
  • Calcium phosphate
  • Periodontal regeneration
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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