Periodontal repair in dogs: healing in experimentally created chronic periodontal defects.

U. M. Wikesjö, K. A. Selvig, G. Zimmerman, R. Nilvéus

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Abstract

A need exists for well-defined animal models to objectively evaluate surgical principles and a possible role for biochemical wound conditioning and biomaterials in promoting periodontal regeneration. To test an existing model for its usefulness in quantitative evaluation of periodontal wound healing, large supraalveolar periodontal defects were surgically created around the mandibular premolars (P2, P3, P4) in left or right jaw quadrants in 5 beagle dogs. The defects were exposed to the oral environment for 6 months and were then subjected to reconstructive flap surgery (chronic defects). Healing in these defects was compared to healing following reconstructive surgery in similar contralateral defects which had not been exposed to plaque and calculus (acute defects). The animals were sacrificed after a 4-week healing period and tissue blocks including teeth and surrounding structures were processed for histometric analysis. Mean defect height (+/- s.d.) for chronic and acute defects amounted to 4.6 +/- 0.3 and 4.4 +/- 0.4 mm, respectively. Mean connective tissue repair to the root surface in chronic defects amounted to 62% (range 49% to 74%) of the defect height. Mean connective tissue repair in the acute defects exceeded 94% of the defect height in 4 of the dogs, but amounted to only 48% in 1 dog. Regeneration of alveolar bone and cementum was limited under both experimental conditions. Root resorption was frequently encountered, whereas ankylosis was seen in only few teeth. This study indicates that healing may vary not only as a result of controlled experimental variables, but also due to differences in biological response between dogs or to fortuitous traumatic factors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-263
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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