Persistent Dysphagia Rate After Antireflux Surgery is Similar for Nissen Fundoplication and Partial Fundoplication

Kara Vande Walle, Luke M. Funk, Yiwei Xu, Kevin D. Davies, Jacob Greenberg, Amber Shada, Anne Lidor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Laparoscopic fundoplication is the gold standard operation for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It has been suggested that persistent postoperative dysphagia is increased following Nissen fundoplication compared to partial fundoplication. This study aimed to determine risk factors for persistent postoperative dysphagia, specifically examining the type of fundoplication. Methods: Patients experiencing GERD symptoms who underwent laparoscopic Nissen, Toupet, or Dor fundoplication from 2009 to 2016 were identified from a single-institutional database. A dysphagia score was obtained as part of the GERD health-related quality of life questionnaire. Persistent dysphagia was defined as a difficulty swallowing score ≥1 (noticeable) on a scale from 0 to 5 at least 1 y postoperatively. Odds ratios of persistent dysphagia among those who underwent antireflux surgery were calculated in a multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for fundoplication type, sex, age, body mass index, and redo operation. Results: Of the 441 patients who met inclusion criteria, 255 had ≥1 y of follow-up (57.8%). The median duration of follow-up was 3 y. In this cohort, 45.1% of patients underwent Nissen fundoplication and 54.9% underwent partial fundoplication. Persistent postoperative dysphagia was present in 25.9% (n = 66) of patients. On adjusted analysis, there was no statistically significant association between the type of fundoplication (Nissen versus partial) and the likelihood of postoperative dysphagia. Conclusions: Persistent postoperative dysphagia after antireflux surgery occurred in approximately one-quarter of patients and did not differ by the type of fundoplication. These findings suggest that both Nissen and partial fundoplication are reasonable choices for an antireflux operation for properly selected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Dor fundoplication
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Nissen fundoplication
  • Persistent dysphagia
  • Postoperative dysphagia
  • Toupet fundoplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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