Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members

Robert J. Cramer, Jennifer C. Johnson, James W. Crosby, Craig E. Henderson, Amanda C. La Guardia, Caroline H. Stroud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study makes one of the first attempts to integrate personality, coping and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community members. Specifically, active (i.e., seeking social support, stopping unpleasant emotions, problem-focused coping/solving, and education/advocacy) and passive (i.e., internalization, substance use, and detachment) coping styles were hypothesized to mediate the association of personality traits and mental health symptoms (i.e., depressive, anxiety and general distress symptoms). Participants consisted of 336 LGB outpatients from an urban community health clinic in the southwestern United States. Results demonstrated that: (1) passive coping mediated the relationship between Neuroticism and mental health symptoms, (2) both active and passive coping mediated the extraversion-mental health symptoms association, and (3) significant mediation emerged via active coping for the association of conscientiousness and mental health symptoms. Implications are discussed for clinical practice with LGB persons, and the integration of personality, coping and mental health theory and research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume96
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Personality
Mental Health
Mental Health Associations
Southwestern United States
Urban Health
Sexual Minorities
Social Support
Emotions
Outpatients
Anxiety
Depression
Education
Research

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Five-factor model
  • Mental health
  • Personality
  • Sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cramer, R. J., Johnson, J. C., Crosby, J. W., Henderson, C. E., La Guardia, A. C., & Stroud, C. H. (2016). Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 272-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.025

Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members. / Cramer, Robert J.; Johnson, Jennifer C.; Crosby, James W.; Henderson, Craig E.; La Guardia, Amanda C.; Stroud, Caroline H.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 96, 01.07.2016, p. 272-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cramer, RJ, Johnson, JC, Crosby, JW, Henderson, CE, La Guardia, AC & Stroud, CH 2016, 'Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members', Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 96, pp. 272-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.025
Cramer, Robert J. ; Johnson, Jennifer C. ; Crosby, James W. ; Henderson, Craig E. ; La Guardia, Amanda C. ; Stroud, Caroline H. / Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 2016 ; Vol. 96. pp. 272-278.
@article{e078281ab5364a41917c9565784a0d19,
title = "Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members",
abstract = "The present study makes one of the first attempts to integrate personality, coping and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community members. Specifically, active (i.e., seeking social support, stopping unpleasant emotions, problem-focused coping/solving, and education/advocacy) and passive (i.e., internalization, substance use, and detachment) coping styles were hypothesized to mediate the association of personality traits and mental health symptoms (i.e., depressive, anxiety and general distress symptoms). Participants consisted of 336 LGB outpatients from an urban community health clinic in the southwestern United States. Results demonstrated that: (1) passive coping mediated the relationship between Neuroticism and mental health symptoms, (2) both active and passive coping mediated the extraversion-mental health symptoms association, and (3) significant mediation emerged via active coping for the association of conscientiousness and mental health symptoms. Implications are discussed for clinical practice with LGB persons, and the integration of personality, coping and mental health theory and research.",
keywords = "Coping, Five-factor model, Mental health, Personality, Sexual orientation",
author = "Cramer, {Robert J.} and Johnson, {Jennifer C.} and Crosby, {James W.} and Henderson, {Craig E.} and {La Guardia}, {Amanda C.} and Stroud, {Caroline H.}",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.025",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "96",
pages = "272--278",
journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
issn = "0191-8869",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality, coping and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual community members

AU - Cramer, Robert J.

AU - Johnson, Jennifer C.

AU - Crosby, James W.

AU - Henderson, Craig E.

AU - La Guardia, Amanda C.

AU - Stroud, Caroline H.

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - The present study makes one of the first attempts to integrate personality, coping and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community members. Specifically, active (i.e., seeking social support, stopping unpleasant emotions, problem-focused coping/solving, and education/advocacy) and passive (i.e., internalization, substance use, and detachment) coping styles were hypothesized to mediate the association of personality traits and mental health symptoms (i.e., depressive, anxiety and general distress symptoms). Participants consisted of 336 LGB outpatients from an urban community health clinic in the southwestern United States. Results demonstrated that: (1) passive coping mediated the relationship between Neuroticism and mental health symptoms, (2) both active and passive coping mediated the extraversion-mental health symptoms association, and (3) significant mediation emerged via active coping for the association of conscientiousness and mental health symptoms. Implications are discussed for clinical practice with LGB persons, and the integration of personality, coping and mental health theory and research.

AB - The present study makes one of the first attempts to integrate personality, coping and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community members. Specifically, active (i.e., seeking social support, stopping unpleasant emotions, problem-focused coping/solving, and education/advocacy) and passive (i.e., internalization, substance use, and detachment) coping styles were hypothesized to mediate the association of personality traits and mental health symptoms (i.e., depressive, anxiety and general distress symptoms). Participants consisted of 336 LGB outpatients from an urban community health clinic in the southwestern United States. Results demonstrated that: (1) passive coping mediated the relationship between Neuroticism and mental health symptoms, (2) both active and passive coping mediated the extraversion-mental health symptoms association, and (3) significant mediation emerged via active coping for the association of conscientiousness and mental health symptoms. Implications are discussed for clinical practice with LGB persons, and the integration of personality, coping and mental health theory and research.

KW - Coping

KW - Five-factor model

KW - Mental health

KW - Personality

KW - Sexual orientation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955317502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955317502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.025

DO - 10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.025

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84955317502

VL - 96

SP - 272

EP - 278

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 0191-8869

ER -