Pharmacogenetics as a predictor chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy in gynecologic cancer patients treated with Taxane-based chemotherapy

David Mysona, Katherine Dorr, Alex Ward, Ellen Shaver, Bunja Rungruang, Sharad Ghamande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study investigated whether there are pharmacogenomic markers predictive of chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) as a result of taxane-based chemotherapy. Methods: Patients were enrolled from August 2020 to November 2020 in a prospective, case-control trial evaluating pharmacogenetic predictors of CIPN. All women were treated with at least 3 cycles of taxane-based chemotherapy for histologically confirmed gynecologic malignancies. Buccal saliva samples were used to test for 32 drug metabolism variations. All testing was performed by ⍺LPHA-GENOMIX laboratories. Fisher's Exact test was used to assess for event differences of categorical variables. Results: Of 102 enrolled patients, 58%, 28%, and 14% had ovarian, endometrial, or cervical cancers, respectively. The median age was 67, 72% were Caucasian and 25% were African American. 16% of patients were treated with 3–4 cycles, 57% received 5–7 cycles, and 27% received 8 or more cycles of chemotherapy that included paclitaxel. Grade 2 CIPN was experienced by 51 patients. There was no difference in age, race, disease site, or number of chemotherapy cycles (p > 0.05) between those who did or did not develop CIPN. CYP2D6 genotype (p = 0.009) and CYP3A5 genotype (p = 0.023) had different frequencies among those with and without CIPN. Patients classified as having poor or intermediate function of CYP2D6 had increased risk of CIPN (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.04–2.57, p = 0.026). There was no difference in CYP2D6 phenotype by race (p = 0.29). No patients with normal function of CYP3A5 developed CIPN. There were no Caucasians with normal function of CYP3A5, but 28% of African Americans had normal CYP3A5 function (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Pharmacogenomics appear associated with the development of CIPN and may be able to help personalize treatment decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-118
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume168
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy
  • Genomics
  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Personalized medicine
  • Pharmacogenomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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