Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats

Ming Jae Lo, Shyi Wu Wang, Mei Mei Kau, Jiann Jong Chen, Yen Hao Chen, Victor S. Fang, Low Tone Ho, Paulus S. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We investigated the direct effects of propylthiouracil (PTU) on corticosterone secretion both in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Male rats were divided into 4 groups and then injected subcutaneously with saline, PTU, PTU plus thyroxine (T4), or T4 once daily for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks, rats were decapitated or received adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), intravenously. Zona fasciculata-reticularis (ZFR) cells from normal, saline-, PTU-, PTU plus T4-, or T4-treated rats were incubated with ACTH, forskolin, 8-Br-cAMP, deoxycorticosterone (DOC) ± PTU (1, 2, or 5 mg/mL) at 37°C for 2 hours. Corticosterone concentrations in plasma and cell media, and 3′:5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in ZFR cells were determined by radioimmunoassay. The effects of PTU on the activities of steroidogenic enzymes in ZFR cells were measured by the amounts of intermediate steroidal products separated by thin-layer chromatography. Results: The basal and ACTH-stimulated levels of plasma corticosterone in PTU-treated rats were lower as compared to saline-treated animals. Both basal and ACTH-stimulated corticosterone secretion were inhibited by PTU > 2 mg/mL in rat ZFR cells. The cAMP production induced by forskolin was lower in PTU, PTU plus T4, or T4-treated rats than in saline-treated animals. Chronic administration of PTU or PTU plus T4 inhibited the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 21β-hydroxylase, and 11β-hydroxylase activities. Administration of PTU (1, 2, and 5 mg/mL) suppressed the basal, ACTH, 8-Br-cAMP, forskolin, and DOC-stimulated corticosterone secretion in rat ZFR cells. Likewise, PTU > 2 mg/mL inhibited the ACTH and 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated levels of intracellular cAMP in rat ZFR cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that PTU counteracts both basal and ACTH-induced adrenal steroidogenesis through their attenuation of the activity of 11β-hydroxylase and cAMP production in rat ZFR cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-452
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Investigative Medicine
Volume46
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Propylthiouracil
Corticosterone
Rats
Pharmacology
Zona Reticularis
Zona Fasciculata
Cyclic AMP
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Colforsin
Desoxycorticosterone
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Animals
3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
Steroid 21-Hydroxylase
Plasmas
Thin layer chromatography
Thin Layer Chromatography

Keywords

  • cAMP
  • P450C11 activity
  • PTU
  • ZFR cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Lo, M. J., Wang, S. W., Kau, M. M., Chen, J. J., Chen, Y. H., Fang, V. S., ... Wang, P. S. (1998). Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats. Journal of Investigative Medicine, 46(9), 444-452.

Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats. / Lo, Ming Jae; Wang, Shyi Wu; Kau, Mei Mei; Chen, Jiann Jong; Chen, Yen Hao; Fang, Victor S.; Ho, Low Tone; Wang, Paulus S.

In: Journal of Investigative Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 9, 01.01.1998, p. 444-452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lo, MJ, Wang, SW, Kau, MM, Chen, JJ, Chen, YH, Fang, VS, Ho, LT & Wang, PS 1998, 'Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats', Journal of Investigative Medicine, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 444-452.
Lo MJ, Wang SW, Kau MM, Chen JJ, Chen YH, Fang VS et al. Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats. Journal of Investigative Medicine. 1998 Jan 1;46(9):444-452.
Lo, Ming Jae ; Wang, Shyi Wu ; Kau, Mei Mei ; Chen, Jiann Jong ; Chen, Yen Hao ; Fang, Victor S. ; Ho, Low Tone ; Wang, Paulus S. / Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats. In: Journal of Investigative Medicine. 1998 ; Vol. 46, No. 9. pp. 444-452.
@article{6eb5094877e34e38a47000caac731689,
title = "Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats",
abstract = "Background: We investigated the direct effects of propylthiouracil (PTU) on corticosterone secretion both in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Male rats were divided into 4 groups and then injected subcutaneously with saline, PTU, PTU plus thyroxine (T4), or T4 once daily for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks, rats were decapitated or received adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), intravenously. Zona fasciculata-reticularis (ZFR) cells from normal, saline-, PTU-, PTU plus T4-, or T4-treated rats were incubated with ACTH, forskolin, 8-Br-cAMP, deoxycorticosterone (DOC) ± PTU (1, 2, or 5 mg/mL) at 37°C for 2 hours. Corticosterone concentrations in plasma and cell media, and 3′:5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in ZFR cells were determined by radioimmunoassay. The effects of PTU on the activities of steroidogenic enzymes in ZFR cells were measured by the amounts of intermediate steroidal products separated by thin-layer chromatography. Results: The basal and ACTH-stimulated levels of plasma corticosterone in PTU-treated rats were lower as compared to saline-treated animals. Both basal and ACTH-stimulated corticosterone secretion were inhibited by PTU > 2 mg/mL in rat ZFR cells. The cAMP production induced by forskolin was lower in PTU, PTU plus T4, or T4-treated rats than in saline-treated animals. Chronic administration of PTU or PTU plus T4 inhibited the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 21β-hydroxylase, and 11β-hydroxylase activities. Administration of PTU (1, 2, and 5 mg/mL) suppressed the basal, ACTH, 8-Br-cAMP, forskolin, and DOC-stimulated corticosterone secretion in rat ZFR cells. Likewise, PTU > 2 mg/mL inhibited the ACTH and 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated levels of intracellular cAMP in rat ZFR cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that PTU counteracts both basal and ACTH-induced adrenal steroidogenesis through their attenuation of the activity of 11β-hydroxylase and cAMP production in rat ZFR cells.",
keywords = "cAMP, P450C11 activity, PTU, ZFR cells",
author = "Lo, {Ming Jae} and Wang, {Shyi Wu} and Kau, {Mei Mei} and Chen, {Jiann Jong} and Chen, {Yen Hao} and Fang, {Victor S.} and Ho, {Low Tone} and Wang, {Paulus S.}",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "444--452",
journal = "Journal of Investigative Medicine",
issn = "1081-5589",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pharmacological Effects of Propylthiouracil on Corticosterone Secretion in Male Rats

AU - Lo, Ming Jae

AU - Wang, Shyi Wu

AU - Kau, Mei Mei

AU - Chen, Jiann Jong

AU - Chen, Yen Hao

AU - Fang, Victor S.

AU - Ho, Low Tone

AU - Wang, Paulus S.

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Background: We investigated the direct effects of propylthiouracil (PTU) on corticosterone secretion both in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Male rats were divided into 4 groups and then injected subcutaneously with saline, PTU, PTU plus thyroxine (T4), or T4 once daily for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks, rats were decapitated or received adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), intravenously. Zona fasciculata-reticularis (ZFR) cells from normal, saline-, PTU-, PTU plus T4-, or T4-treated rats were incubated with ACTH, forskolin, 8-Br-cAMP, deoxycorticosterone (DOC) ± PTU (1, 2, or 5 mg/mL) at 37°C for 2 hours. Corticosterone concentrations in plasma and cell media, and 3′:5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in ZFR cells were determined by radioimmunoassay. The effects of PTU on the activities of steroidogenic enzymes in ZFR cells were measured by the amounts of intermediate steroidal products separated by thin-layer chromatography. Results: The basal and ACTH-stimulated levels of plasma corticosterone in PTU-treated rats were lower as compared to saline-treated animals. Both basal and ACTH-stimulated corticosterone secretion were inhibited by PTU > 2 mg/mL in rat ZFR cells. The cAMP production induced by forskolin was lower in PTU, PTU plus T4, or T4-treated rats than in saline-treated animals. Chronic administration of PTU or PTU plus T4 inhibited the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 21β-hydroxylase, and 11β-hydroxylase activities. Administration of PTU (1, 2, and 5 mg/mL) suppressed the basal, ACTH, 8-Br-cAMP, forskolin, and DOC-stimulated corticosterone secretion in rat ZFR cells. Likewise, PTU > 2 mg/mL inhibited the ACTH and 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated levels of intracellular cAMP in rat ZFR cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that PTU counteracts both basal and ACTH-induced adrenal steroidogenesis through their attenuation of the activity of 11β-hydroxylase and cAMP production in rat ZFR cells.

AB - Background: We investigated the direct effects of propylthiouracil (PTU) on corticosterone secretion both in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Male rats were divided into 4 groups and then injected subcutaneously with saline, PTU, PTU plus thyroxine (T4), or T4 once daily for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks, rats were decapitated or received adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), intravenously. Zona fasciculata-reticularis (ZFR) cells from normal, saline-, PTU-, PTU plus T4-, or T4-treated rats were incubated with ACTH, forskolin, 8-Br-cAMP, deoxycorticosterone (DOC) ± PTU (1, 2, or 5 mg/mL) at 37°C for 2 hours. Corticosterone concentrations in plasma and cell media, and 3′:5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in ZFR cells were determined by radioimmunoassay. The effects of PTU on the activities of steroidogenic enzymes in ZFR cells were measured by the amounts of intermediate steroidal products separated by thin-layer chromatography. Results: The basal and ACTH-stimulated levels of plasma corticosterone in PTU-treated rats were lower as compared to saline-treated animals. Both basal and ACTH-stimulated corticosterone secretion were inhibited by PTU > 2 mg/mL in rat ZFR cells. The cAMP production induced by forskolin was lower in PTU, PTU plus T4, or T4-treated rats than in saline-treated animals. Chronic administration of PTU or PTU plus T4 inhibited the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 21β-hydroxylase, and 11β-hydroxylase activities. Administration of PTU (1, 2, and 5 mg/mL) suppressed the basal, ACTH, 8-Br-cAMP, forskolin, and DOC-stimulated corticosterone secretion in rat ZFR cells. Likewise, PTU > 2 mg/mL inhibited the ACTH and 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated levels of intracellular cAMP in rat ZFR cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that PTU counteracts both basal and ACTH-induced adrenal steroidogenesis through their attenuation of the activity of 11β-hydroxylase and cAMP production in rat ZFR cells.

KW - cAMP

KW - P450C11 activity

KW - PTU

KW - ZFR cells

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032246454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032246454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9861780

AN - SCOPUS:0032246454

VL - 46

SP - 444

EP - 452

JO - Journal of Investigative Medicine

JF - Journal of Investigative Medicine

SN - 1081-5589

IS - 9

ER -