Phase 1 study of INNO-406, a dual Abl/Lyn kinase inhibitor, in philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias after imatinib resistance or intolerance

Hagop Kantarjian, Phillipp Le Coutre, Jorge Cortes, Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, Arnon Nagler, Andreas Hochhaus, Shinya Kimura, Oliver Ottmann

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45 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: INNO-406, a dual v-abl Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog (Abl)/v-yes-1 Yamaguchi sarcoma viral-related oncogene homolog (Lyn) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has demonstrated specific Lyn kinase inhibitory activity with no or limited activity against other sarcoma (Src) family member kinases. Several breakpoint cluster region (Bcr)-Abl kinase domain mutations are sensitive to INNO-406 in vitro, including mutations that involve a phenylalanine-to-leucine or phenylalanine-to-valine substitution at codon 317 (F317L and F317V, respectively). In the current study, the authors evaluated the use of INNO-406 in patients with Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) after imatinib resistance or intolerance. METHODS: A dose-escalation study was conducted at a starting dose of oral INNO-406 30 mg once daily. Cohorts of at least 3 patients were treated at each dose level until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was reached. Twice-daily dosing also was evaluated. Therapy was allowed to continue for a maximum of 24 months. RESULTS: INNO-406 was administered to 56 patients with imatinib resistance (n = 40) or intolerance (n = 16). Other previous treatments included nilotinib (n = 20 patients), dasatinib (n = 26 patients), and dasatinib/nilotinib (n = 9 patients). Common mutations at the time of study entry included a tyrosine-to-histidine substitution at codon 253 (Y253H) (n = 6 patients), a glycine-to-glutamic acid substitution at codon 250 (G250E) (n = 4 patients), a threonine-to-isoleucine substitution at codon 315 (T315I) (n = 4 patients), and F317L (n = 3 patients). Of 31 patients with CML in chronic phase who received INNO-406, the major cytogenetic response rate was 19%. No responses were observed in patients who had CML in accelerated phase, CML in blastic phase, or Ph-positive ALL. The dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) at an INNO-406 dose of 480 mg twice daily were liver function abnormalities and thrombocytopenia. CONCLUSIONS: INNO-406 had anti-CML efficacy in a heavily pretreated study population. On the basis of the classic determinations of both DLT and MTD, the recommended phase 2 dose of oral INNO-406 was 240 mg twice daily. Lower doses of INNO-406 may be equally effective and should be explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2665-2672
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume116
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic myeloid
  • INNO-406
  • Leukemia
  • Philadelphia-positive
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Kantarjian, H., Le Coutre, P., Cortes, J., Pinilla-Ibarz, J., Nagler, A., Hochhaus, A., Kimura, S., & Ottmann, O. (2010). Phase 1 study of INNO-406, a dual Abl/Lyn kinase inhibitor, in philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias after imatinib resistance or intolerance. Cancer, 116(11), 2665-2672. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.25079