Phenylarsine oxide inhibits nitric oxide synthase in pulmonary artery endothelial cells

Yunchao Su, Edward R. Block

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation during regulation of NO synthase (eNOS) activity in endothelial cells is poorly understood. Studies to define this role have used inhibitors of tyrosine kinase or tyrosine phosphatase (TP). Phenylarsine oxide (PAO), an inhibitor of TP, has been reported to bind thiol groups, and recent work from our laboratory demonstrates that eNOS activity depends on thiol groups at its catalytic site. Therefore, we hypothesized that PAO may have a direct effect on eNOS activity. To test this, we measured (i) TP and eNOS activities both in total membrane fractions and in purified eNOS prepared from porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells and (ii) sulfhydryl content and eNOS activity in purified bovine aortic eNOS expressed in Escherichia coli. High TP activity was detected in total membrane fractions, but no TP activity was detected in purified eNOS fractions. PAO caused a dose-dependent decrease in eNOS activity in total membrane and in purified eNOS fractions from porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells, even though the latter had no detectable TP activity. PAO also caused a decrease in sulfhydryl content and eNOS activity in purified bovine eNOS. The reduction in eNOS sulfhydryl content and the inhibitory effect of PAO on eNOS activity were prevented by dithiothreitol, a disulfide-reducing agent. These results indicate that (i) PAO directly inhibits eNOS activity in endothelial cells by binding to thiol groups in the eNOS protein and (ii) results of studies using PAO to assess the role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in regulating eNOS activity must be interpreted with great caution. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endothelial cell
  • Free radicals
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Phenylarsine oxide
  • Pulmonary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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