Rat ERK2, an extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase family member, phosphorylates RNA polymerase II in vitro. Phosphorylation occurs within the heptapeptide repeats of the C-terminal domain of the largest subunit, in a region important for regulation of transcriptional activity. Analysis of deletion mutants and synthetic peptides showed that ERK2 phosphorylation occurrs at multiple serine residues throughout the C-terminal domain, with no marked preference for consensus repeats versus naturally occurring variants. Our results are consistent with the idea that protein kinases in the extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase family regulate transcription by direct phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II, but do not support a model where particular portions of the C-terminal domain are special targets of ERK phosphorylation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Feb 27 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology