Phosphorylation of threonine 61 by cyclin A/Cdk1 triggers degradation of stem-loop binding protein at the end of S phase

M. Murat Koseoglu, Lee M. Graves, William F. Marzluff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Histone mRNA levels are cell cycle regulated, and a major regulatory mechanism is restriction of stem-loop binding protein (SLBP) to S phase. Degradation of SLBP at the end of S phase results in cessation of histone mRNA biosynthesis, preventing accumulation of histone mRNA until SLBP is synthesized just before entry into the next S phase. Degradation of SLBP requires an SFTTP (58 to 62) and KRKL (95 to 98) sequence, which is a putative cyclin binding site. A fusion protein with the 58-amino-acid sequence of SLBP (amino acids 51 to 108) fused to glutathione S-transferase (GST) is sufficient to mimic SLBP degradation at late S phase. Using GST-SLBP fusion proteins as a substrate, we show that cyclin A/Cdk1 phosphorylates Thr61. Furthermore, knockdown of Cdk1 by RNA interference stabilizes SLBP at the end of S phase. Phosphorylation of Thr61 is necessary for subsequent phosphorylation of Thr60 by CK2 in vitro. Inhibitors of CK2 also prevent degradation of SLBP at the end of S phase. Thus, phosphorylation of Thr61 by cyclin A/Cdk1 primes phosphorylation of Thr60 by CK2 and is responsible for initiating SLBP degradation. We conclude that the increase in cyclin A/Cdk1 activity at the end of S phase triggers degradation of SLBP at S/G2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4469-4479
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume28
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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