Photobiomodulation preconditioning prevents cognitive impairment in a neonatal rat model of hypoxia-ischemia

Luodan Yang, Yan Dong, Chongyun Wu, Yong Li, Yichen Guo, Baocheng Yang, Xuemei Zong, Michael R. Hamblin, Timon C.Y. Liu, Quanguang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) injury caused by oxygen deprivation is the most common cause of mortality and severe neurologic deficits in neonates. The present work evaluated the preventative effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) preconditioning, and its underlying mechanism of action on brain damage in an HI model in neonatal rats. According to the optimal time response of ATP levels in brain samples removed from normal rats, a PBM preconditioning (PBM-P) regimen (808 nm CW laser, 1 cm2 spot, 100 mW/cm2, 12 J/cm2) was delivered to the scalp 6 hours before HI. PBM-P significantly attenuated cognitive impairment, volume shrinkage in the brain, neuron loss, dendritic and synaptic injury after HI. Further mechanistic investigation found that PBM-P could restore HI-induced mitochondrial dynamics and inhibit mitochondrial fragmentation, followed by a robust suppression of cytochrome c release, and prevention of neuronal apoptosis by inhibition of caspase activation. Our work suggests that PBM-P can attenuate HI-induced brain injury by maintaining mitochondrial dynamics and inhibiting the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere201800359
JournalJournal of Biophotonics
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • cognitive impairment
  • hypoxia-ischemia
  • mitochondria
  • neuroprotection
  • photobiomodulation preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Yang, L., Dong, Y., Wu, C., Li, Y., Guo, Y., Yang, B., Zong, X., Hamblin, M. R., Liu, T. C. Y., & Zhang, Q. (2019). Photobiomodulation preconditioning prevents cognitive impairment in a neonatal rat model of hypoxia-ischemia. Journal of Biophotonics, 12(6), [e201800359]. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800359