PHOTOPHYSICS AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF PHOTOREACTIVATION

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Abstract— Photoreactivating enzyme (PRE) monomerizes cyclobutyl pyrimidine dimers formed in DNA by UV light (Λ < 300 nm). The enzyme requires near UV and visible wavelengths (300 < Λ < 600 nm) for activity. Possible mechanisms of action of the PRE are suggested by non‐enzymatic processes in which pyrimidine dimers are monomerized by UV and visible light. Two such non‐enzymatic processes are (a) photolysis of dimers resulting from direct absorption of UV, and (b) sensitized monomerization involving charge transfer complexes. Several lines of evidence suggest that the mechanism of action of the PRE more closely resembles (b) than (a). Recent experiments on the PRE from E. coli reveal the presence of new long wavelength absorption which may indicate the presence of a ground state complex. The known ability of PRE to monomerize dimers of thymine, cytosine and uracil suggests that the carbonyl groups at 2 position of the pyrimidine ring may be important in the interaction between enzyme and dimer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-440
Number of pages6
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Deoxyribodipyrimidine Photo-Lyase
Photochemistry
Photochemical reactions
photochemical reactions
enzymes
Pyrimidine Dimers
dimers
pyrimidines
Ultraviolet Rays
Dimers
Wavelength
Uracil
Photolysis
Enzymes
Ultraviolet radiation
Escherichia coli
Ground state
Charge transfer
uracil
thymine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

PHOTOPHYSICS AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF PHOTOREACTIVATION. / Sutherland, John C.

In: Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vol. 25, No. 5, 01.01.1977, p. 435-440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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