Physical activity buffers the effects of chronic stress on adiposity in youth

Zenong Yin, Catherine Lucy Davis, Justin B. Moore, Frank A. Treiber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The moderating effect of physical activity (PA) on relations between chronic stress and adiposity is unknown in youth. Purpose: The objective is to assess the mediating effect of PA on relations between stress and adiposity in youth. Methods: Participants were 303 youths (47% Black, 53% White, 50% male, M age = 16.6 years). The Adolescent Resource Challenge Scale assessed personal stress, whereas median rent or mortgage in the neighborhood reflected community stress. Body mass index (BMI) and sum of skinfolds reflected general adiposity, and waist circumference measured central adiposity. Days per week performing PA sufficient to work up a sweat measured PA. Results: Hierarchical regressions predicted each adiposity measure adjusting for age, race, gender, family socioeconomic status, and parental smoking. Independent contributions of personal stress, but not community stress, were found on BMI and sum of skinfolds. A similar model showed that both personal and community stress predicted waist circumference. PA was independently, inversely associated with sum of skinfolds but not BMI or waist circumference. The interaction between PA and personal stress predicted all three adiposity measures. The interaction of PA with community stress predicted BMI. Conclusions: PA appears to buffer the effects of chronic stress on adiposity, providing evidence that PA is a protective factor for health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Fingerprint

Adiposity
Buffers
Exercise
Waist Circumference
Body Mass Index
Sweat
Social Class
Smoking
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Physical activity buffers the effects of chronic stress on adiposity in youth. / Yin, Zenong; Davis, Catherine Lucy; Moore, Justin B.; Treiber, Frank A.

In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.01.2005, p. 29-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yin, Zenong ; Davis, Catherine Lucy ; Moore, Justin B. ; Treiber, Frank A. / Physical activity buffers the effects of chronic stress on adiposity in youth. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 29-36.
@article{ac72df87e602416b936e2409b77f9f41,
title = "Physical activity buffers the effects of chronic stress on adiposity in youth",
abstract = "Background: The moderating effect of physical activity (PA) on relations between chronic stress and adiposity is unknown in youth. Purpose: The objective is to assess the mediating effect of PA on relations between stress and adiposity in youth. Methods: Participants were 303 youths (47{\%} Black, 53{\%} White, 50{\%} male, M age = 16.6 years). The Adolescent Resource Challenge Scale assessed personal stress, whereas median rent or mortgage in the neighborhood reflected community stress. Body mass index (BMI) and sum of skinfolds reflected general adiposity, and waist circumference measured central adiposity. Days per week performing PA sufficient to work up a sweat measured PA. Results: Hierarchical regressions predicted each adiposity measure adjusting for age, race, gender, family socioeconomic status, and parental smoking. Independent contributions of personal stress, but not community stress, were found on BMI and sum of skinfolds. A similar model showed that both personal and community stress predicted waist circumference. PA was independently, inversely associated with sum of skinfolds but not BMI or waist circumference. The interaction between PA and personal stress predicted all three adiposity measures. The interaction of PA with community stress predicted BMI. Conclusions: PA appears to buffer the effects of chronic stress on adiposity, providing evidence that PA is a protective factor for health.",
author = "Zenong Yin and Davis, {Catherine Lucy} and Moore, {Justin B.} and Treiber, {Frank A.}",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1207/s15324796abm2901_5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "29--36",
journal = "Annals of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0883-6612",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity buffers the effects of chronic stress on adiposity in youth

AU - Yin, Zenong

AU - Davis, Catherine Lucy

AU - Moore, Justin B.

AU - Treiber, Frank A.

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Background: The moderating effect of physical activity (PA) on relations between chronic stress and adiposity is unknown in youth. Purpose: The objective is to assess the mediating effect of PA on relations between stress and adiposity in youth. Methods: Participants were 303 youths (47% Black, 53% White, 50% male, M age = 16.6 years). The Adolescent Resource Challenge Scale assessed personal stress, whereas median rent or mortgage in the neighborhood reflected community stress. Body mass index (BMI) and sum of skinfolds reflected general adiposity, and waist circumference measured central adiposity. Days per week performing PA sufficient to work up a sweat measured PA. Results: Hierarchical regressions predicted each adiposity measure adjusting for age, race, gender, family socioeconomic status, and parental smoking. Independent contributions of personal stress, but not community stress, were found on BMI and sum of skinfolds. A similar model showed that both personal and community stress predicted waist circumference. PA was independently, inversely associated with sum of skinfolds but not BMI or waist circumference. The interaction between PA and personal stress predicted all three adiposity measures. The interaction of PA with community stress predicted BMI. Conclusions: PA appears to buffer the effects of chronic stress on adiposity, providing evidence that PA is a protective factor for health.

AB - Background: The moderating effect of physical activity (PA) on relations between chronic stress and adiposity is unknown in youth. Purpose: The objective is to assess the mediating effect of PA on relations between stress and adiposity in youth. Methods: Participants were 303 youths (47% Black, 53% White, 50% male, M age = 16.6 years). The Adolescent Resource Challenge Scale assessed personal stress, whereas median rent or mortgage in the neighborhood reflected community stress. Body mass index (BMI) and sum of skinfolds reflected general adiposity, and waist circumference measured central adiposity. Days per week performing PA sufficient to work up a sweat measured PA. Results: Hierarchical regressions predicted each adiposity measure adjusting for age, race, gender, family socioeconomic status, and parental smoking. Independent contributions of personal stress, but not community stress, were found on BMI and sum of skinfolds. A similar model showed that both personal and community stress predicted waist circumference. PA was independently, inversely associated with sum of skinfolds but not BMI or waist circumference. The interaction between PA and personal stress predicted all three adiposity measures. The interaction of PA with community stress predicted BMI. Conclusions: PA appears to buffer the effects of chronic stress on adiposity, providing evidence that PA is a protective factor for health.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=12844270509&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=12844270509&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1207/s15324796abm2901_5

DO - 10.1207/s15324796abm2901_5

M3 - Article

C2 - 15677298

AN - SCOPUS:12844270509

VL - 29

SP - 29

EP - 36

JO - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0883-6612

IS - 1

ER -