Phytochemical, antioxidant and mineral composition of hydroalcoholic extract of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) leaves

Zahid Khorshid Abbas, Shalini Saggu, Mohamed I. Sakeran, Nahla Zidan, Hasibur Rehman, Abid A. Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phytochemical, antioxidant and mineral composition of hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of Cichorium intybus L., was determined. The leaves were found to possess comparatively higher values of total flavonoids, total phenolic acids. The phytochemical screening confirmed the presence of tannins, saponins, flavonoids, in the leaves of the plant. The leaf extract was found to show comparatively low value of IC50 for 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) inhibition. The IC50 value of chicory leaves extract was found to be 67.2±2.6μg/ml. The extracts were found to contain high amount of mineral elements especially Mg and Zn. Due to good phytochemical and antioxidant composition, C. intybus L., leaves would be an important candidate in pharmaceutical formulations and play an important role in improving the human health by participating in the antioxidant defense system against free radical generation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-326
Number of pages5
JournalSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cichorium intybus L.
  • DPPH
  • Elemental analysis
  • Phytochemical screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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