The ET ssytem is activated in cardiac surgical setting as evidenced by elevated systemic and myocardial ET-1 levels after coronary bypass grafting surgery which requires hypothermic cardioplegic arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass. Increased ET-1 may influence a number of clinical parameters in this setting. First, ET-1 may directly modulate myocardial contractile performance in the early postoperative period resulting in LV dysfunction and a complex postoperative course. Second, elevated ET-1 levels may exacerbate increased pulmonary vascular resistance and contribute to the development of transient pulmonary hypertension following bypass. Finally, augmented postoperative ET-1 levels could contribute to changes in the caliber and flow of vascular conduits used for coronary bypass. In this review, a current perspective on the ET system in the setting of cardiopulmonary bypass grafting surgery is provided and the potential use of ET receptor antagonists in this setting is discussed.
- Cardioplegic arrest
- Cardiopulmonary bypass grafting
- Receptor antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine