Potential utility of recombinant human GM-CSF as adjunctive treatment of refractory oropharyngeal candidiasis in AIDS patients

J. A. Vazquez, S. Gupta, A. Villanueva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations


The aim of the study was to investigate the use of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as an adjunctive treatment for clinically refractory mucosal candidiasis in patients with advanced AIDS. Three patients with advanced AIDS and oropharyngeal candidiasis clinically refractory to azoles or amphotericin B received GM-CSF for 14 days along with either fluconazole or amphotericin B. All three patients showed clinical improvement and mycological improvement without any adverse events. Thus, GM-CSF may be a possible alternative as adjunctive therapy in the management of refractory mucosal candidiasis in patients with advanced AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-783
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this