Predicting Children's Recall of a Dental Procedure: Contributions of Stress, Preparation, and Dental History

Lynne Baker-Ward, Rocio Quinonez, Michael Milano, Seungjin Lee, Hillary Langley, Benjamin Brumley, Peter A. Ornstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the extent to which three predictors of children's recall, selected on the basis of their theoretical significance, contributed to the prediction of children's recall for the details of dental operative procedures in a diverse sample of 28 children (54-140months of age). Parents provided information regarding their children's dental histories and preparation for the dental visit. We obtained behavioral indices of stress from video recordings of the procedures and interviewed the children shortly after treatment to assess their memory. In a significant model predicting open-ended recall, measures of prior dental experience and parent discussion emerged as unique predictors, although stress did not add to the prediction. The results attest to the importance of incorporating measures of individual differences in investigations of children's reports of their personal experiences. We discuss the importance of children's interpretations in understanding memory for stressful events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-781
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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